David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):249-262 (2012)
Accounts of act individuation have attempted to capture peoples’ pre-theoretic intuitions. Donald Davidson has argued that a multitude of action descriptions designate only one act, while Alvin Goldman has averred that each action description refers to a distinct act. Following on recent empirical studies, I subject these accounts of act individuation to experimentation. The data indicate that people distinguish between actions differently depending upon the moral valence of the outcomes. Thus, the assumption that a single account of act individuation applies invariantly seems mistaken.
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References found in this work BETA
Fred Adams & Annie Steadman (2004). Intentional Action in Ordinary Language: Core Concept or Pragmatic Understanding? Analysis 64 (2):173–181.
Fred Adams & Annie Steadman (2004). Intentional Action and Moral Considerations: Still Pragmatic. Analysis 64 (3):268 - 276.
G. E. M. Anscombe (1957/2000). Intention. Harvard University Press.
Fiery Cushman & Alfred Mele (2008). Intentional Action : Two-and-a-Half Folk Concepts? In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press. 171.
Donald Davidson (1971). Agent, Action, and Reason. In Robert Binkley, Richard Bronaugh & Ausonio Marras (eds.), Agent, Action, and Reason. University of Toronto Press.
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