Graduate studies at Western
British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1): 3-22 (2012)
|Abstract||The fact that Sufi metaphysics were so far taken to be merely writings of Islamic philosophers, like Ibn al-'Arabi, seems to underestimate the philosophical indications of literary texts in the Sufi tradition. When Sufi literary texts are examined for philosophical content, that content is sought within and through the traditional Sufist approach. However, there appears to be a lack of correspondence between the traditional approach on the main conceptions (of God, of the universe, etc.) in Sufism and what literary texts can offer regarding those, when some literary texts are to be examined in a way in which an underlying philosophical system can be extracted from them. In this paper, I present a brief analysis of The Conference of the Birds by Farid ud-Din Attar, one of the most significant works focusing on God and written in Sufi tradition. I suggest an alternative framework for Sufi metaphysics, which overlaps with the metaphysical connotations of The Conference of the Birds, via some Spinozistic ideas on God and on God’s relationship to the rest of the universe. Since The Conference of The Birds represents a metaphysical doctrine that is apart from the traditional approach, I argue that we are not justified in thinking that Sufi metaphysics is only what Islamic philosophers so far offered us.|
|Keywords||Sufism Islamic philosophy Metaphysics Pantheism Spinoza Farid ud-Din Attar|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Ezgi Ulusoy Aranyosi (2012). An Enquiry Into Sufi Metaphysics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):3 - 22.
Inayat Khan (1996). The Mysticism of Sound and Music. Distributed in the United States by Random House.
Ahmed Hussain (1940). The Philosophy of Faqirs: Two Discourses on Vedantism Alias Sufi-Ism Before the Islamic Association. Lahore (India)Shaikh Muhammad Ashraf.
M. Maroof Shah (2006). Iqbal's Experientialist Argument for the Existence of God: A Sufistic-Metaphysical Appraisal. Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research 23 (4):79 - 119.
Р.В Псху (2008). Становление суфийского языка в творчестве ан-ниффари (X в.). Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 18:179-186.
William C. Chittick (2001). The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afḍal Al-Dīn Kāshānī. Oxford University Press.
ʼAnanda (2000). A Study of the Vedantic Outlook of Sufi-Sadhana. Indian Publishers Distributors.
Muhammad Ali Khalidi (ed.) (2005). Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings. Cambridge University Press.
Kamuran Gödelek (2007). Possible Connections Between Sufism and Existentialism. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:201-206.
Cyrus Ali Zargar (2011). Sufi Aesthetics: Beauty, Love, and the Human Form in the Writings of Ibn 'Arabi and 'Iraqi. University of South Carolina Press.
Shahzad Qaiser (2009). Metaphysics and Tradition. Iqbal Academy Pakistan.
Ṭabāṭabāʼ & Muḥammad Ḥusayn ī (2003). The Elements of Islamic Metaphysics: (Bidāyat Al-Ḥikmah). Icas.
Added to index2011-02-06
Total downloads15 ( #85,981 of 739,325 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,243 of 739,325 )
How can I increase my downloads?