David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (4):283-299 (2003)
This essay explores the role of informal logicand its application in the context of currentdebates regarding evidence-based medicine. This aim is achieved through a discussion ofthe goals and objectives of evidence-basedmedicine and a review of the criticisms raisedagainst evidence-based medicine. Thecontributions to informal logic by StephenToulmin and Douglas Walton are explicated andtheir relevance for evidence-based medicine isdiscussed in relation to a common clinicalscenario: hypertension management. This essayconcludes with a discussion on the relationshipbetween clinical reasoning, rationality, andevidence. It is argued that informal logic hasthe virtue of bringing explicitness to the roleof evidence in clinical reasoning, and bringssensitivity to understanding the role ofdialogical context in the need for evidence inclinical decision making.
|Keywords||argumentation evidence-based medicine informal logic medical epistemology|
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Citations of this work BETA
Luis Flores (2015). Therapeutic Inferences for Individual Patients. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):440-447.
Milos Jenicek (2006). The Hard Art of Soft Science: Evidence‐Based Medicine, Reasoned Medicine or Both? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):410-419.
Robin Nunn (2011). Mere Anecdote: Evidence and Stories in Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):920-926.
Mark R. Tonelli (2007). Advancing a Casuistic Model of Clinical Decision Making: A Response to Commentators. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):504-507.
Ross E. G. Upshur (2006). Evidence‐Based Medicine, Reasoned Medicine or Both? Commentary on Jenicek, M. (2006) 'The Hard Art of Soft science'Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12, 410–419. [REVIEW] Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):420-422.
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