David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):60-84 (2009)
This article examines Nietzsche's engagement with Stoic philosophical therapy in the free spirit trilogy. I suggest that Nietzsche first turned to Stoicism in the late 1870s in his attempt to develop a philosophical therapy that might treat the injuries human beings suffer through fate or chance without recourse to the metaphysical theodicies discredited by Enlightenment skepticism and positivism. I argue that in HH and D Nietzsche adopts a conventional form of Stoic therapy. The article then shows how Nietzsche came to take a critical stance against Stoic therapy on the grounds that it entails a radical extirpation of the value judgments that underpin the emotions. For this reason, I claim that in GS he attempts to develop a rival philosophical therapy, one that aims to enable human beings to unconditionally affirm fate but without this affirmation entailing, as it does for the Stoics, the dissolution of all emotional valuations. However, despite Nietzsche's belief that he had fundamentally broken with Stoicism, I argue, first, that Nietzsche's therapy in GS is deeply indebted to a "cosmic" model of Stoicism, which consists in the loving consent to the events that happen to us, and second, that he gives us no reasonable account of how it is possible to unconditionally affirm fate without adopting some form of Stoic indifference or apatheia.
|Keywords||Nietzsche Stoicism Philosophical therapy Emotions Eternal recurrence C1 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology 2202 History and Philosophy of Specific Fields|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Donald Robertson (2010). The Philosophy of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (Cbt): Stoic Philosophy as Rational and Cognitive Psychotherapy. Karnac.
John Coker (1997). The Therapy of Nietzsche's “Free Spirit”. International Studies in Philosophy 29 (3):63-88.
Paul Franco (2011). Nietzsche's Enlightenment: The Free-Spirit Trilogy of the Middle Period. University of Chicago Press.
Keith Ansell-Pearson (2011). Beyond Compassion: On Nietzsche's Moral Therapy in Dawn. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 44 (2):179-204.
Robert E. Wood (2011). The Free Spirit. International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (3):377-387.
Susanne Bobzien (1997). Stoic Conceptions of Freedom and Their Relation to Ethics. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 41 (S68):71-89.
Nadeem J. Z. Hussain (2007). Honest Illusion: Valuing for Nietzsche's Free Spirits. In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality. Oxford University Press.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1984/1996). Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits. University of Nebraska Press.
Tad Brennan (2005). The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duties, and Fate. Oxford University Press.
Eugen Fischer (2011). How to Practise Philosophy as Therapy: Philosophical Therapy and Therapeutic Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):49-82.
Ken Gemes, Strangers to Ourselves: Nietzsche on The Will to Truth, The Scientific Spirit, Free Will, and Genuine Selfhood.
Peter S. Groff (2004). Al-Kindi and Nietzsche on the Stoic Art of Banishing Sorrow. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 28 (1):139-173.
John M. Rist (1969). Stoic Philosophy. London, Cambridge U.P..
Keith Ansell-Pearson (2010). In Search of Authenticity and Personality. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (2):283-312.
P. Christopher Smith (2007). Virgil's Destruktion of the Stoic Rational Agent: Rehearing Aeneid IV After Nietzsche and Heidegger. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (2):449-462.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads8 ( #197,068 of 1,689,931 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #78,657 of 1,689,931 )
How can I increase my downloads?