David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy Compass 4 (2):363-379 (2009)
The correspondence between Samuel Clarke and Anthony Collins of 1706–8, while not well known, is a spectacularly good debate between a dualist and a materialist over the possibility of giving a materialist account of consciousness and personal identity. This article puts the Clarke Collins Correspondence in a broader context in which it can be better appreciated, noting that it is really a debate between John Locke and Anthony Collins on one hand, and Samuel Clarke and Joseph Butler on the other. Anthony Collins argues on behalf of John Locke's claim that it would be as easy for God to superadd the power of thinking to matter as for him to connect a soul to a body. Locke did not believe that matter could naturally produce thought or consciousness, but it was in God's power to make matter think. To defend Locke's claim Collins must defend the claim that there are emergent properties in the world – properties of a whole that are not possessed by the parts. Collins also defends a materialist version of Locke's account of personal identity against a variety of charges. Because the topics of debate in the correspondence are of such great interest to us, it deserves to be rescued from the neglect into which it fell and from which intellectual historians and philosophers have only recently and partially removed it.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robin Attfield (1977). Clarke, Collins and Compounds. Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (1):45-54.
Roderick M. Chisholm (1969). The Loose and Popular and the Strict and Philosophical Senses of Identity. In Norman S. Care & Robert H. Grimm (eds.), Perception and Personal Identity. Cleveland, Press of Case Western Reserve University. 82--106.
Howard M. Ducharme (1986). Personal Identity in Samuel Clarke. Journal of the History of Philosophy 24 (3):359-383.
Thomas Anand Holden (2004). The Architecture of Matter: Galileo to Kant. Oxford University Press.
Margaret Candee Jacob (1969). John Toland and the Newtonian Ideology. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 32:307-331.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Shelley Weinberg (2010). Review of K. Joanna S. Forstrom, John Locke and Personal Identity: Immortality and Bodily Resurrection in 17th-Century Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (12).
Joanna K. Forstrom (2010). John Locke and Personal Identity: Immortality and Bodily Resurrection in 17th-Century Philosophy. Continuum.
Christopher Buford (2009). Memory, Quasi-Memory, and Pseudo-Quasi-Memory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):465 – 478.
Johan E. Gustafsson (2010). Did Locke Defend the Memory Continuity Criterion of Personal Identity? Locke Studies 10:113–129.
Charles T. Wolfe (2010). Locke’s Compatibilism: Suspension of Desire or Suspension of Determinism? In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O.’Rourke & Harry Silverstein (eds.), Action, Ethics and Responsibility. MIT Press.
John Perry (ed.) (1975). Personal Identity. University of California Press.
Shelley Weinberg (2012). The Metaphysical Fact of Consciousness in Locke's Theory of Personal Identity. Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (3):387-415.
Shelley Weinberg (2011). Locke on Personal Identity. Philosophy Compass 6 (6):398-407.
Anthony Collins (1976). Determinism and Freewill: Anthony Collins' a Philosophical Inquiry Concerning Human Liberty: With a Discussion of the Opinions of Hobbes, Locke, Pierre Bayle, William King and Leibniz. Nijhoff.
Jonathan S. Marko (2010). Revisiting the Question. Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):77-104.
Added to index2009-03-08
Total downloads25 ( #71,069 of 1,103,233 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #121,213 of 1,103,233 )
How can I increase my downloads?