David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):333-347 (2012)
In 2005, The International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements (IFOAM) developed four new ethical principles of organic agriculture to guide its future development: the principles of health, ecology, care, and fairness. The key distinctive concept of animal welfare in organic agriculture combines naturalness and human care, and can be linked meaningfully with these principles. In practice, a number of challenges are connected with making organic livestock systems work. These challenges are particularly dominant in immature agro-ecological systems, for example those that are characterized by industrialization and monoculture. Some of the current challenges are partly created by shortages of land and manure, which encourage zero-grazing and other confined systems. Other challenges are created in part by the conditions for farming and the way in which global food distribution systems are organized, e.g., how live animals are transported, how feed is traded and transported all over the globe, and the development of infrastructure and large herds. We find that the overall organic principles should be included when formulating guidelines for practical organic animal farming. This article explores how the special organic conceptions of animal welfare are related to the overall principles of organic agriculture. The aim is to identify potential routes for future development of organic livestock systems in different contexts and with reference to the specific understanding of animal welfare in organic agriculture. We include two contrasting cases represented by organic livestock systems in northwestern Europe and farming systems in tropical low-income countries; we use these cases to explore the widely different challenges of organic livestock systems in different parts of the world.
|Keywords||Animal health Animal welfare Organic principles Naturalness Human care Ecology Care Health Fairness|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter Singer (ed.) (1990). Animal Liberation. Avon Books.
Vonne Lund, Raymond Anthony & Helena Röcklinsberg (2004). The Ethical Contract as a Tool in Organic Animal Husbandry. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (1):23-49.
Pär Segerdahl (2007). Can Natural Behavior Be Cultivated? The Farm as Local Human/Animal Culture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (2):167-193.
Michael C. Appleby (2005). Sustainable Agriculture is Humane, Humane Agriculture is Sustainable. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):293-303.
Aysel Dog˘an (2011). A Defense of Animal Rights. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):473-491.
Citations of this work BETA
Janneke de Jonge & Hans Cm van Trijp (2013). Meeting Heterogeneity in Consumer Demand for Animal Welfare: A Reflection on Existing Knowledge and Implications for the Meat Sector. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):629-661.
Janneke Jonge & Hans C. M. Trijp (2013). Meeting Heterogeneity in Consumer Demand for Animal Welfare: A Reflection on Existing Knowledge and Implications for the Meat Sector. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):629-661.
Frida Lundmark, C. Berg, O. Schmid, D. Behdadi & H. Röcklinsberg (2014). Intentions and Values in Animal Welfare Legislation and Standards. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):991-1017.
Similar books and articles
Stephanie Yue Cottee & Paul Petersan (2009). Animal Welfare and Organic Aquaculture in Open Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):437-461.
Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe, Mette Vaarst & Erik Steen Kristensen (2001). Does Organic Farming Face Distinctive Livestock Welfare Issues? – A Conceptual Analysis. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (3):275-299.
Vonne Lund & Helena Röcklinsberg (2001). Outlining a Conception of Animal Welfare for Organic Farming Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (4):391-424.
Christine Leeb (2011). The Concept of Animal Welfare at the Interface Between Producers and Scientists: The Example of Organic Pig Farming. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):173-183.
Vonne Lund, Sven Hemlin & James White (2004). Natural Behavior, Animal Rights, or Making Money – a Study of Swedish Organic Farmers' View of Animal Issues. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):157-179.
Theofano Vetouli, Vonne Lund & Brigitte Kaufmann (2012). Farmers' Attitude Towards Animal Welfare Aspects and Their Practice in Organic Dairy Calf Rearing: A Case Study in Selected Nordic Farms. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):349-364.
Mette Vaarst, Lis Alban, Lisbeth Mogensen, Stig Milan & Erik Steen Kristensen (2001). Health and Welfare in Danish Dairy Cattle in the Transition to Organic Production: Problems, Priorities and Perspectives. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (4):367-390.
David Pimentel (1993). Economics and Energetics of Organic and Conventional Farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (1):53-60.
Colin T. Whittemore (1995). Response to the Environmental and Welfare Imperatives by U.K. Livestock Production Industries and Research Services. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (1):65-84.
Cynthia Petrie Smith (2000). Animal Welfare and Ethics Resources for Youth and College Agricultural Educators. U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center.
Lene Hansen, Egon Noe & Katrine Højring (2006). Nature and Nature Values in Organic Agriculture. An Analysis of Contested Concepts and Values Among Different Actors in Organic Farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (2):147-168.
Rodrigue El Balaa & Michel Marie (2006). Animal Welfare Considerations in Small Ruminant Breeding Specifications. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):91-102.
L. J. Frewer, A. Kole, S. M. A. Van de Kroon & C. de Lauwere (2005). Consumer Attitudes Towards the Development of Animal-Friendly Husbandry Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (4):345-367.
Wade Prpich (2005). An Integral Analysis of the National Standard of Canada for Organic Agriculture. World Futures 61 (1 & 2):138 – 150.
Stefan Mann & Miriam Gairing (2012). “Loyals” and “Optimizers”: Shedding Light on the Decision for or Against Organic Agriculture Among Swiss Farmers. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):365-376.
Added to index2011-05-05
Total downloads16 ( #164,310 of 1,725,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #268,271 of 1,725,840 )
How can I increase my downloads?