Assessing the global order: justice, legitimacy, or political justice?

Which standards should we employ to evaluate the global order? Should they be standards of justice or standards of legitimacy? In this article, I argue that liberal political theorists need not face this dilemma, because liberal justice and legitimacy are not distinct values. Rather, they indicate what the same value, i.e. equal respect for persons, demands of institutions under different sets of circumstances. I suggest that under real-world circumstances ? characterized by conflicts and disagreements ? equal respect demands basic-rights protection and democratic participation, which I here call ?political justice?. I conclude the article by considering three possible configurations of the global order ? the ?democratic world-state?, ?independent democratic states?, and ?mixed? models ? and argue that a commitment to political justice speaks in favour of the latter.
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DOI 10.1080/13698230.2012.727307
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References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (1999). The Law of Peoples. Harvard University Press.
John Rawls (1993). Political Liberalism. Columbia University Press.
J. Rawls (1995). Political Liberalism. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (3):596-598.
Thomas Nagel (2005). The Problem of Global Justice. Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (2):113–147.

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