David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Oxford University Press (2006)
The difference principle, introduced by Rawls (1971, 1993), is generally interpreted as leximin, but this is not how he intended it. Rawls explicitly states that the difference principle requires that aggregate benefits (e.g., average or total) to those in the least advantaged group be given lexical priority over benefits to others, where the least advantaged group includes more than the strictly worst off individuals. We study the implications of adopting different approaches to the definition of the least advantaged group and show that, if acyclicity is required, several seemingly plausible approaches lead to something close to leximin. We then show that significant aggregation is possible, if the least advantaged group is defined as those with those with less benefits than some strictly positive transform of the lowest level of benefits. Finally, we discuss the implications of requiring that, in comparing two alternatives, the cutoff for the least advantaged group of one alternative be the same as that for the other alternative.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Christopher Nathan (2011). Need There Be a Defence of Equality? Winner of the 2010 Postgraduate Essay Prize. Res Publica 17 (3):211-225.
Nils Holtug (2009). Equality, Priority and Global Justice. Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):173 – 179.
Similar books and articles
J. Wolff & A. de-Shalit (2007). Disadvantage. OUP Oxford.
Govert den Hartogh (2010). Trading with the Waiting-List: The Justice of Living Donor List Exchange. Bioethics 24 (4):190-198.
Lawrence Alexander (1984). Reiman's Libertarian Interpretation of Rawls' Difference Principle. Philosophy Research Archives 10:13-18.
Marc Fleurbaey, Bertil Tungodden & Peter Vallentyne (2009). On the Possibility of Nonaggregative Priority for the Worst Off. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):258-285.
Alex Voorhoeve (2005). Incentives and Principles for Individuals in Rawls’ Theory of Justice. Ethics and Economics 3 (1):1-7.
Peter Koller (1983). Rawls' Differenzprinzip Und Seine Deutungen. Erkenntnis 20 (1):1 - 25.
Bertil Tungodden (2000). Egalitarianism: Is Leximin the Only Option? Economics and Philosophy 16 (2):229-245.
Jason Brennan (2007). Rawls' Paradox. Constitutional Political Economy 18:287-299.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads42 ( #44,917 of 1,140,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,341 )
How can I increase my downloads?