Can amnesic patients learn without awareness? New evidence comparing deterministic and probabilistic sequence learning
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Neuropsychologia 44 (10):1629-1641 (2006)
Can associative learning take place without awareness? We explore this issue in a sequence learning paradigm with amnesic and control participants, who were simply asked to react to one of four possible stimuli on each trial. Unknown to them, successive stimuli occurred in a sequence. We manipulated the extent to which stimuli followed the sequence in a deterministic manner (noiseless condition) or only probabilistically so (noisy condition). Through this paradigm, we aimed at addressing two central issues: ﬁrst, we asked whether sequence learning takes place in either condition with amnesic patients. Second, we asked whether this learning takes place without awareness. To answer this second question, participants were asked to perform a subsequent sequence generation task under inclusion and exclusion conditions, as well as a recognition task. Reaction times results show that amnesic patients learned the sequence only in the deterministic condition. However, they failed to be able to reproduce the sequence in the generation task. In contrast, we found learning for both sequence structures in control participants, but only control participants exposed to a deterministic sequence were successful in performing the generation task, thus suggesting that the acquired knowledge can be used consciously in this condition. Neither amnesic nor control participants showed correct old/new judgments in the recognition task. The results strengthen the claim that implicit learning is at least partly spared in amnesia, and the role of contextual information available for learning is discussed. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
|Keywords||*Amnesia *Associative Processes *Awareness *Sequential Learning|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Thomas Pronk & Ingmar Visser (2010). The Role of Reversal Frequency in Learning Noisy Second Order Conditional Sequences. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):627-635.
Similar books and articles
Luis Jimenez (2003). Intention, Attention, and Consciousness in Probabilistic Sequence Learning. In , Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins.
Sunbin Song, Howard Jr, James H. & Darlene V. Howard (2007). Implicit Probabilistic Sequence Learning is Independent of Explicit Awareness. Learning and Memory 14 (1-6):167-176.
Arnaud Destrebecqz & Axel Cleeremans (2001). Can Sequence Learning Be Implicit? New Evidence with the Process Dissociation Procedure. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 8 (2):343-350.
Axel Cleeremans & L. JimC)nez (1998). Implicit Sequence Learning: The Truth is in the Details. In Michael A. Stadler & Peter A. Frensch (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Learning. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #78,660 of 1,099,913 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #127,260 of 1,099,913 )
How can I increase my downloads?