David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Perspectives 4 (3):180-190 (1997)
The collapse of communism and the transition to a market economy and political democracy in Eastern and Central Europe have been accompanied by an outburst of nationalist and patriotic passions. Most commentators see this as a negative phenomenon, a narrow-minded reaction to the void after a long period in which politics was inspired by ideological excess, or a retreat toward a mythical past when confronted with a highly uncertain future. Others look at it in a more positive way: after all those years of mindless abstractions, should we not welcome this return to concrete, tangible commitments? But of course, especially in the Balkans, nationalism is so tangible that we would rather have a void than this frightening concrete reality. From an ethical point of view, patriotism and nationalism are suspect because most moral philosophers would like authentic ethical rules to be inspired by universalistic schemes of thought. On their view, morality and ethics are rational matters and as such they are threatened by strong emotional attachments.Although I distrust all forms of fanaticism and romanticism, I would like to argue that the communitarian criticism against universalistic ethical and contractarian political theory should be taken seriously. At the same time, I believe that the reference to communitarianism cannot be a permit for irrationalism, the glorification of unquestioned tradition or the creation of scapegoats. In an unmitigated form, neither a strict universalism or contractarianism, nor a myopic communitarianism look very attractive. The former neglects the problem of the motivation of the actors, the latter can be suspected of underestimating or completely ignoring the question of pluralism in contemporary society. Therefore I would plead for an amended communitarianism, and I would like to show that patriotism has some very desirable consequences as well, especially for an individualistic society.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Pauline Kleingeld (2003). Kant’s Cosmopolitan Patriotism. Kant-Studien 94 (3):299-316.
Bernard Yack (1998). Can Patriotism Save Us From Nationalism? Rejoinder to Viroli. Critical Review 12 (1-2):203-206.
Philip Cafaro (1995). Thoreauvian Patriotism as an Environmental Virtue. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 2 (2):1-7.
Maurizio Valsania (2013). Nature's Man. University of Virginia Press.
Philip Cafaro (2010). Patriotism as an Environmental Virtue. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):185-206.
James Gafney (2007). Patriotism. In Igor Primoratz (ed.), Philosophy and Theology. Palgrave Macmillan 129-147.
James Gaffney (1993). Patriotism. Philosophy and Theology 8 (2):129-147.
Bernard Bosanquet (1917/1967). Social and International Ideals, Being Studies in Patriotism. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
Igor Primorac (2004). Patriotism. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):81-98.
S. Macedo (2011). Just Patriotism? Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (4):413-423.
Andrew Vincent (2009). Patriotism and Human Rights: An Argument for Unpatriotic Patriotism. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 13 (4):347 - 364.
Weixi Hu (2007). On Confucian Communitarianism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):475-487.
Kenneth A. Strike (2000). Liberalism, Communitarianism and the Space Between: In Praise of Kindness. Journal of Moral Education 29 (2):133-147.
Robert Audi (2009). Nationalism, Patriotism, and Cosmopolitanism in an Age of Globalization. Journal of Ethics 13 (4):365-381.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads6 ( #376,596 of 1,777,936 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,290 of 1,777,936 )
How can I increase my downloads?