David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (1/2):19-41 (1997)
We elaborate on Israel Scheffler's claim that principles of rationality can be rationally evaluated, focusing on foundational development, by which we mean the evolution of principles which are constitutive of our conceptualization of a certain domain of rationality. How can claims that some such principles are better than prior ones, be justified? We argue that Scheffler's metacriterion of overall systematic credibility is insufficient here. Two very different types of rational development are jointly involved, namely, development of general principles that are strictly constitutive of rationality as such, and development of specific principles determinative of our conceptualization of particular domains. For the first type a transcendental argument applies. As to the second, we show how foundational development is itself a condition of the possibility of its justification. In both cases only principles that are typical of the later stage yield the second order criterion in terms of which the evaluative comparison with former stages can be made and defended. In a discussion of problems involved we indicate to what extent Scheffler's idea of rationally justifiable rational development may be realized here, avoiding pitfalls of both foundationalism and relativism
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy of Education Education Testing and Evaluation Theory of Education|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Solomon Yirenkyi-Boateng (2010). Development Plans and the Sustainable Development Agenda in Africa: How Critical Realist Conceptualization Can Help. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):328-352.
Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann & Mark H. Johnson (2007). Neuroconstructivism - Ii: Perspectives and Prospects. Oup Oxford.
M. Haque (2000). Environmental Discourse and Sustainable Development Linkages and Limitations. Ethics and the Environment 5 (1):3-21.
Gerard Kuperus (2010). The Development of the Role of the Spectator in Kant's Thinking. Idealistic Studies 40 (1/2):65-82.
Tapio Puolimatka (2003). Constructivism and Critical Thinking. Inquiry 22 (4):5-12.
José Manuel de Cózar-Escalante (2010). Living in a Nanotech Home. Techne 14 (2):124-139.
K. Gavroglu (1976). Research Guiding Principles in Modern Physics: Case Studies in Elementary Particle Physics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 7 (2):223-248.
Helena Knyazeva (1999). The Synergetic Principles of Nonlinear Thinking. World Futures 54 (2):163-181.
Christine M. Cress (2003). Critical Thinking Development in Service-Learning Activities. Inquiry 23 (1-2):87-93.
M. A. van Rees (2001). The Diagnostic Power of the Stages of Critical Discussion in the Analysis and Evaluation of Problem-Solving Discussions. Argumentation 15 (4):457-470.
Henry P. Stapp (1998). The Evolution of Consciousness. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press.
Karen Bartsch & Jennifer Cole Wright (2005). Towards an Intuitionist Account of Moral Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):546-547.
Robert L. Williams, Sherry K. Bain & Susan L. Stockdale (2003). Role of Critical Thinking in Judging Accuracy and Sources of Claims Regarding Human Development. Inquiry 22 (4):65-72.
Lawrence Kohlberg (1974). Education, Moral Development and Faith1. Journal of Moral Education 4 (1):5-16.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads4 ( #294,703 of 1,679,366 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,761 of 1,679,366 )
How can I increase my downloads?