David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):583-593 (2011)
Frans de Waal’s view that empathy is at the basis of morality directly seems to build on Darwin, who considered sympathy as the crucial instinct. Yet when we look closer, their understanding of the central social instinct differs considerably. De Waal sees our deeply ingrained tendency to sympathize (or rather: empathize) with others as the good side of our morally dualistic nature. For Darwin, sympathizing was not the whole story of the workings of sympathy ; the (selfish) need to receive sympathy played just as central a role in the complex roads from sympathy to morality. Darwin’s understanding of sympathy stems from Adam Smith, who argued that the presence of morally impure motives should not be a reason for cynicism about morality. I suggest that De Waal’s approach could benefit from a more thorough alignment with the analysis of the workings of sympathy in the work of Darwin and Adam Smith
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Bence Nanay (2010). Adam Smith’s Concept of Sympathy and its Contemporary Interpretations. Adam Smith Review.
Heidi L. Maibom (2009). Feeling for Others: Empathy, Sympathy, and Morality. Inquiry 52 (5):483-499.
Patrick R. Frierson (2006). Adam Smith and the Possibility of Sympathy with Nature. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):442–480.
Robert C. Solomon (2004). Sympathy as a “Natural”. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:53-58.
Nancy Eisenberg (2001). Distinctions Among Various Modes of Empathy-Related Reactions: A Matter of Importance in Humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):33-34.
John W. McHugh (2011). Relaxing a Tension in Adam Smith's Account of Sympathy. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 (2):189-204.
Fonna Forman-Barzilai (2005). Sympathy in Space(S): Adam Smith on Proximity. Political Theory 33 (2):189 - 217.
Jon Rick (2007). Hume's and Smith's Partial Sympathies and Impartial Stances. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 5 (2):135-158.
Robert Sugden (2002). Beyond Sympathy and Empathy: Adam Smith's Concept of Fellow-Feeling. Economics and Philosophy 18 (1):63-87.
Peter J. Richerson & Richard Boyd (2004). Darwinian Evolutionary Ethics: Between Patriotism and Sympathy. In Phillip Clayton & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.), Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.. 50--77.
John A. Fischer (1987). Taking Sympathy Seriously: A Defense of Our Moral Psychology Toward Animals. Environmental Ethics 9 (3):197-215.
Toni Vogel Carey (2011). The 'Sub-Rational' in Scottish Moral Science. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 (2):225-238.
Eric Gregory (2011). Sympathy and Domination : Adam Smith, Happiness, and the Virtues of Augustinianism. In Paul Oslington (ed.), Adam Smith as Theologian. Routledge.
Added to index2011-03-14
Total downloads36 ( #39,493 of 1,004,649 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #39,123 of 1,004,649 )
How can I increase my downloads?