Integrity and rights of plants: Ethical notions in organic plant breeding and propagation [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (5):479-493 (2005)
In addition to obviating the use of synthetic agrochemicals and emphasizing farming in accordance with agro-ecological guidelines, organic farming acknowledges the integrity of plants as an essential element of its natural approaches to crop production. For cultivated plants, integrity refers to their inherent nature, wholeness, completeness, species-specific characteristics, and their being in balance with their (organically farmed) environment, while accomplishing their “natural aim.” We argue that this integrity of plants has ethical value, distinguishing integrity of life, plant-typic integrity, genotypic integrity, and phenotypic integrity. We have developed qualitative criteria to ethically evaluate existing practices and have applied these criteria to assess whether current plant breeding and propagation techniques violate the integrity of crop plants. This process has resulted in a design of a holistic, scientific approach of organic plant breeding and seed production. Our evaluation has met considerable criticism from mainstream (crop) scientists. We respond to the following questions: (1). Can ethics be incorporated into objective crop sciences? (2). What is the nature of the intrinsic value of plants in organic farming? We argue that criteria to take integrity into account can only be assessed from a holistic perspective and we show that a holistic approach is needed to design such ethical notions in a consistent way. The ethical notions have been further elaborated by formulating human responsibility and respect towards crop plants. Responsibility and respect can only be shown by providing crop plants the right to be nurtured and to express natural behavior at all levels of integrity.
|Keywords||integrity intrinsic value natural aim naturalness organic breeding organic plant propagation plant rights respect|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Henk Verhoog, Mirjam Matze, Edith Lammerts van Bueren & Ton Baars (2003). The Role of the Concept of the Natural (Naturalness) in Organic Farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (1):29-49.
Bruce Morito (2003). Intrinsic Value: A Modern Albatross for the Ecological Approach. Environmental Values 12 (3):317-336.
Angelika Krebs (1999). Ethics of Nature: A Map. W. De Gruyter.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alan Montefiore & David Vines (eds.) (1999). Integrity in the Public and Private Domains. Routledge.
Carol V. A. Quinn (2009). On Integrity. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):189-197.
Matthew Pianalto (2012). Integrity and Struggle. Philosophia 40 (2):319-336.
Greg Scherkoske (2010). Integrity and Moral Danger. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):335-358.
Debbie Thorne LeClair (1998). Integrity Management: A Guide to Managing Legal and Ethical Issues in the Workplace. University of Tampa Press.
K. Tybirk, H. F. Alrøe & P. Frederiksen (2004). Nature Quality in Organic Farming: A Conceptual Analysis of Considerations and Criteria in a European Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (3):249-274.
Deng K. Niu, Ming G. Wang & Ya F. Wang (1997). Plant Cellular Osmotica. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (2):161-169.
Stephanie Yue Cottee & Paul Petersan (2009). Animal Welfare and Organic Aquaculture in Open Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):437-461.
Matthew Hall (2009). Plant Autonomy and Human-Plant Ethics. Environmental Ethics 31 (2):169-181.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #117,171 of 1,796,258 )
Recent downloads (6 months)17 ( #42,136 of 1,796,258 )
How can I increase my downloads?