Internationalist utopias of visual education: The graphic and scenographic transformation of the universal encyclopaedia in the work of Paul otlet, Patrick Geddes, and Otto Neurath

Perspectives on Science 19 (1):32-80 (2011)
During the interwar period, the encyclopaedia became a popular educative instrument for demonstrating knowledge. Within the field of cultural internationalism, the pioneer of documentation Paul Otlet redefined the encyclopaedia as a documentary product or as we would say today a "multi-media" product. This article discusses the exchange of ideas between Otlet, Patrick Geddes and Otto Neurath and shows how the graphic and scenographic demonstration of encyclopaedic knowledge at the beginning of the twentieth century applied the values of scientiic universalism to programs of international education and cultural reform.
Keywords Otto Neurath  Synthesis  Encyclopaedia  Visual Education  Patrick Geddes  Paul Otlet
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DOI 10.1162/POSC_a_00025
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