Modality: the three-layered scalar square

Journal of Semantics 13 (3):181-195 (1996)
This paper analyses the semantic and pragmatic relations between the notions of possibility and necessity and of their negations. In so doing it reconciles insights stemming from Aristotle and partially different ones expounded by Hintikka, Horn, and LÖbner on the basic quadripartite, tripartite, and scalar nature of the field of modality. From Aristotle and his commentators it maintains the Aristotelian square and the view that possibility has two senses, from LÖbner the duality square, from Hintikka the tripartite division of the field of modality with one sense of possibility extending over the other sense and over necessity, and from Horn the Gricean scalar analysis of the relation between the two possible senses. This paper further illustrates the basic geometry of modality notions with lexicalization patterns
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/jos/13.3.181
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,667
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Daniel Rothschild (2013). Game Theory and Scalar Implicatures. Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):438-478.
Martina Faller (2012). Evidential Scalar Implicatures. Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (4):285-312.
Owen Greenhall (2008). Against Chierchia's Computational Account of Scalar Implicatures. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):373-384.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

7 ( #304,000 of 1,726,249 )

Recent downloads (6 months)


How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.