David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (9-10):1-34 (2001)
Though most contemporary philosophers and scientists accept a physicalist view of mind, the recent surge of interest in the problem of consciousness has put the mind/body problem back into play. The physicalists' lack of success in dispelling the air of residual mystery that surrounds the question of how consciousness might be physically explained has led to a proliferation of options. Some offer alternative formulations of physicalism, but others forgo physicalism in favour of views that are more dualistic or that bring in mentalistic features at the ground- floor level of reality as in pan-proto-psychism. My aim here is to give an overview of the recent philosophic discussion to serve as a map in locating issues and options. I will not offer a comprehensive survey of the debate or mark every important variant to be found in the recent literature. I will mark the principal features of the philosophic landscape that one might use as general orientation points in navigating the terrain. I will focus in particular on three central and interrelated ideas: those of emergence, reduction, and nonreductive physicalism. The third of these, which has emerged as more or less the majority view among current philosophers of mind, combines a pluralist view about the diversity of what needs to be explained by science with an underlying metaphysical commitment to the physical as the ultimate basis of all that is real. The view has been challenged from both left and right, on one side from dualists and on the other from hard core reductive materialists . Despite their differences, those critics agree in finding nonreductive physicalism an unacceptable and perhaps even incoherent position. They agree as well in treating reducibility as the essential criterion for physicality; they differ only about whether the criterion can be met. Reductive physicalists argue that it can, and dualists deny it
|Keywords||Emergence Metaphysics Mind-body Philosophy Reduction|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Karen Bennett (2011). Construction Area (No Hard Hat Required). Philosophical Studies 154 (1):79-104.
Simon Prosser (2012). Emergent Causation. Philosophical Studies 159 (1):21-39.
Thomas Gardner (2005). Supervenience Physicalism: Meeting the Demands of Determination and Explanation. Philosophical Papers 34 (2):189-208.
Robert C. Bishop (2005). Downward Causation in Fluid Convection. Synthese 160 (2):229 - 248.
Peter Fazekas (2009). Reconsidering the Role of Bridge Laws in Inter-Theoretical Reductions. Erkenntnis 71 (3):303 - 322.
Similar books and articles
Olga Markić (2004). Crane on the Mind-Body Problem and Emergence. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):199-205.
B. Hannay (1994). Subjectivity and Reduction: An Introduction to the Mind-Body Problem. Westview Press.
Jeremy Butterfield (2011). Emergence, Reduction and Supervenience: A Varied Landscape. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 41 (6):920-959.
David V. Newman (2001). Chaos, Emergence, and the Mind-Body Problem. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (2):180-96.
Benny Shanon (2008). Mind-Body, Body-Mind: Two Distinct Problems. Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):697 – 701.
David H. Jones (1972). Emergent Properties, Persons, and the Mind-Body Problem. Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (4):423-33.
Michael Silberstein (1998). Emergence and the Mind-Body Problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (4):464-82.
Laurence F. Mucciolo (1974). Scientific Reduction and the Mind-Body Problem. Canadian Journal of Philosophy (Suppl.) 185 (2):185-204.
Olga Markic (2004). Crane on the Mind-Body Problem and Emergence. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (11):199-205.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads312 ( #1,828 of 1,699,639 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #50,123 of 1,699,639 )
How can I increase my downloads?