David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (3):321-351 (2006)
In this article, I analyze the circumstances of justice, that is, the background conditions that are necessary and sufficient for justice to exist between individual parties in society. Contemporary political philosophers almost unanimously accept an account of these circumstances attributed to David Hume. I argue that the conditions of this standard account are neither sufficient nor necessary conditions for justice. In particular, I contend that both a Hobbesian state of nature and a prisoners dilemma are cases in which the conditions of the standard account obtain and yet no justice exists between parties. I propose an alternative set of generic circumstances of justice motivated by examples from game theory. Parties are in these generic circumstances with respect to each other when: (1) they are engaged in a conflictual coordination game with multiple strict Nash equilibrium points where, at any of these equilibria, some parties do not receive their greatest payoffs, and (2) they have common knowledge that each party is rational and follows her end of a strict equilibrium where no party receives her greatest payoff. These two conditions reflect the idea that justice requires all parties to make some sacrifices so that others can have more of the goods they need and want. I argue that these generic circumstances are necessary and sufficient conditions for parties to follow generic norms of justice, that is, mutually beneficial practices that require some sacrifices. Key Words: common knowledge conflictual coordination correlated equilibrium moderate selfishness moderate variable scarcity rough equality.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Cynthia A. Stark (2009). Contractarianism and Cooperation. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (1):73-99.
Richard Arneson (2000). Welfare Should Be the Currency of Justice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):497-524.
Simon Hope (2012). The Circumstances of Justice. Hume Studies 36 (2):125-148.
Allison B. Wolf (2005). Can Global Justice Provide a Path Toward Achieving Justice Across the Americas? Journal of Global Ethics 1 (2):153 – 176.
Laura Valentini (2011). Coercion and (Global) Justice. American Political Science Review 105 (1):205-220.
Alan Gewirth (2007). Justice: Its Conditions and Contents. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 13:419-438.
Kimberly K. Smith (2008). Animals and the Social Contract. Environmental Ethics 30 (2):195-207.
Carl Knight (2009). Describing Equality. Law and Philosophy 28 (4):327 - 365.
P. Vanderschraaf (1998). Knowledge, Equilibrium and Convention. Erkenntnis 49 (3):337-369.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads36 ( #54,683 of 1,413,326 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,079 of 1,413,326 )
How can I increase my downloads?