David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 147 (1):37 - 58 (2010)
I review the classic skeptical challenges of Foole in Leviathan and the Lydian Shepherd in Republic against the prudential rationality of justice. Attempts to meet these challenges contribute to the reconciliation project (Kavka in Hobbesian moral and political theory , 1986 ) that tries to establish that morality is compatible with rational prudence. I present a new Invisible Foole challenge against the prudential rationality of justice. Like the Lydian Shepherd, the Invisible Foole can violate justice offensively (Kavka, Hobbesian moral and political theory , 1986 ; Law and Philosophy , 14:5–34, 1995 ) without harming his reputation for justice. And like the Foole, the Invisible Foole dismisses the possibility that being just preserves goods intrinsic to justice, and will be just only if he fears that others will punish his injustice by withholding the external goods like labor and material goods that he would otherwise receive for their performance in covenants. I argue that given a plausible folk-theorem interpretation , Hobbes’ response to the Foole’s challenge is inconclusive, and depends crucially upon common knowledge assumptions that may or may not obtain in actual societies. I present two analogous folk-theorem arguments in response to the Invisible Foole’s challenge, one using the idea that the Invisible Foole’s power of concealment might be transitory, and the other using the idea that members of society might stop performing in covenants with anyone, thus punishing the Invisible Foole indirectly, if the Invisible Foole commits sufficiently many injustices.
|Keywords||Folk-theorem Indirect punishment Invisible Foole Justice-conventionalism Justice-Platonism Offensive violation Reconciliation project|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Brian Skyrms (2006). The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure. Cambridge University Press.
Gregory S. Kavka (1986). Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory. Princeton University Press.
David M. Kreps (1992). Game Theory and Economic Modelling. Oxford University Press Uk.
David Copp (1997). The Ring of Gyges: Overridingness and The Unity of Reason. Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):86.
Gregory S. Kavka (1983). Hobbes's War of All Against All. Ethics 93 (2):291-310.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Moehler (2014). The Scope of Instrumental Morality. Philosophical Studies 167 (2):431-451.
John Thrasher (2013). Reconciling Justice and Pleasure in Epicurean Contractarianism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):423-436.
Similar books and articles
Craig Smith (2006). Adam Smith's Political Philosophy: The Invisible Hand and Spontaneous Order. Routledge.
Geoffrey Brennan & Philip Pettit (1993). Hands Invisible and Intangible. Synthese 94 (2):191 - 225.
K. Brad Wray (2000). Invisible Hands and the Success of Science. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):163-175.
David L. Hull (1997). What's Wrong with Invisible-Hand Explanations? Philosophy of Science 64 (4):126.
S. A. Lloyd (2005). Hobbes's Reply to the Foole: A Deflationary Definitional Interpretation. Hobbes Studies 18 (1):50-73.
Magnus Jiborn & Wlodek Rabinowicz (2003). Reconsidering the Foole's Rejoinder: Backward Induction in Indefinitely Iterated Prisoner's Dilemmas. Synthese 136 (2):135 - 157.
Kinch Hoekstra (1997). Hobbes and the Foole. Political Theory 25 (5):620-654.
Gregory S. Kavka (1995). The Rationality of Rule-Following: Hobbes's Dispute with the Foole. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 14 (1):5 - 34.
Malcolm Murray (2003). A Catalogue of Mistaken Interests: Reflections on the Desired and the Desirable. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (1):1 – 23.
David Gauthier (1982). Three Against Justice: The Foole, the Sensible Knave, and the Lydian Shepherd. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):11-29.
Added to index2009-10-10
Total downloads65 ( #62,368 of 1,790,225 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #427,635 of 1,790,225 )
How can I increase my downloads?