David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Public Health Ethics 5 (2):154-160 (2012)
Vaccination programmes against infectious diseases aim to protect individuals from serious illness but also offer collective protection once a sufficient number of people have been immunized. This so-called ‘herd immunity’ is important for individuals who, for health reasons, cannot be immunized or who respond less well to vaccines. For these individuals, it is pivotal that others establish group protection. However, herd immunity can be compromised when people deliberately decide not to be immunized and benefit from the herd’s protection. These agents are often referred to as free riders: their omissions are deemed to be unfair to those who do contribute to the collective’s health. This article addresses the unfairness of such ‘free riding’. An argument by Garett Cullity is examined, which asserts that the unfairness of moral free riding lies neither in one’s intentions, nor in one’s reluctance to embrace a public good. This argument offers a strong basis for justifiably arguing that free riding is unfair. However, it is then argued that other considerations also need to be taken into account before simply holding free riding against non-compliers
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Paul T. Menzel (1995). Paper Four: Non-Compliance: Fair or Free-Riding. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 3 (2):113-115.
M. F. Verweij & M. A. Van den Hoven (2005). Influenza Vaccination in Dutch Nursing Homes: Is Tacit Consent Morally Justified? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (1):89-95.
Janice Wood-Harper (2005). Informing Education Policy on MMR: Balancing Individual Freedoms and Collective Responsibilities for the Promotion of Public Health. Nursing Ethics 12 (1):43-58.
Citations of this work BETA
A. Dawson & K. Grill (2012). Health Promotion: Conceptual and Ethical Issues. Public Health Ethics 5 (2):101-103.
Similar books and articles
Garrett Cullity (2008). Public Goods and Fairness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):1 – 21.
Axel Gosseries (2004). Historical Emissions and Free-Riding. Ethical Perspectives 11 (1):36-60.
Raimo Tuomela (1992). On the Structural Aspects of Collective Action and Free-Riding. Theory and Decision 32 (2):165-202.
Garrett Cullity (1995). Moral Free Riding. Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (1):3–34.
J. Luyten, A. Vandevelde, P. Van Damme & P. Beutels (2011). Vaccination Policy and Ethical Challenges Posed by Herd Immunity, Suboptimal Uptake and Subgroup Targeting. Public Health Ethics 4 (3):280-291.
Brett Calcott (2008). The Other Cooperation Problem: Generating Benefit. Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):179-203.
Raimo Tuomela & Kaarlo Miller (1992). We-Intentions, Free-Riding, and Being in Reserve. Erkenntnis 36 (1):25 - 52.
Kai Hiraishi & Toshikazu Hasegawa (2001). Sharing-Rule and Detection of Free-Riders in Cooperative Groups: Evolutionarily Important Deontic Reasoning in the Wason Selection Task. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (3):255 – 294.
Saul Smilansky (1999). Free Will. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999:143-152.
Saul Smilansky (1999). Free Will: The Positive Role of Illusion. In The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume 2: Metaphysics. Bowling Green: Philosophy Doc Ctr. 143-152.
James Wilson (2009). Towards a Normative Framework for Public Health Ethics and Policy. Public Health Ethics 2 (2):184-194.
S. M. Amadae (2008). Book Reviews:Free Riding. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (1):211-216.
Fritz Allhoff (2005). Free-Riding and Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):50 – 51.
Stephen John (2011). Expert Testimony and Epistemological Free-Riding: The Mmr Controversy. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (244):496-517.
Added to index2012-09-22
Total downloads4 ( #280,207 of 1,413,246 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #153,719 of 1,413,246 )
How can I increase my downloads?