Kant and Lying to the Murderer at the Door . . . One More Time: Kant's Legal Philosophy and Lies to Murderers and Nazis
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (4):403-4211 (2010)
Kant’s example of lying to the murderer at the door has been a cherished source of scorn for thinkers with little sympathy for Kant’s philosophy and a source of deep puzzlement for those more favorably inclined. The problem is that Kant seems to say that it’s always wrong to lie – even if necessary to prevent a murderer from reaching his victim – and that if one does lie, one becomes partially responsible for the killing of the victim. If this is correct, then Kant’s account seems not only to require us to respect the murderer more than the victim, but also that we somehow can become responsible for the consequences that ultimately result from someone else’s wrongdoing. After World War II our spontaneous negative reaction to this apparently absurd line of argument is brought out even more starkly by making the murderer at the door a Nazi officer looking for Jews hidden in people’s homes. This paper argues that Kant’s discussion of lying to the murderer at the door has been seriously misinterpreted. The suggested root of the problem is that the Doctrine of Right has been given insufficient attention in Kant interpretation. It is in this work we find many of the arguments needed to understand Kant’s analysis of lying to the murderer in “On a Supposed Right to Lie from Philanthropy”. When we interpret this essay in light of Kant’s discussion in the Doctrine of Right, we can make sense of why lying to the murderer isn’t to wrong the murderer, why we nevertheless become responsible for the consequences of the lie and why choosing to lie to do wrong ‘in the highest degree’. Finally, the Doctrine of Right account of rightful relations makes it possible for us to analyze the example when we make the murderer at the door a Nazi officer.
|Keywords||Kant lying Doctrine of Right|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Cholbi (2013). The Constitutive Approach to Kantian Rigorism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):439-448.
Similar books and articles
Michael Cholbi (2009). The Murderer at the Door: What Kant Should Have Said. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (1):17-46.
Gini Graham Scott (2010). Playing the Lying Game: Detecting and Dealing with Lies and Liars, From Occasional Fibbers to Frequent Fabricators. Praeger.
Thomas L. Carson (2005). Ross and Utilitarianism on Promise Keeping and Lying: Self‐Evidence and the Data of Ethics. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):140–157.
Rachel Lynette (2009). How to Deal with Lying. Powerkids Press.
James M. King (2008). Lying. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (1):125-132.
Shahrar Ali (2011). Why Shouldn't I Lie? Ten Preliminaries. Ethical Record 116 (10):6-10.
Ty D. Camp, From the Schematic to the Symbolic: The Radical Possibilities of the Imagination in Kant's Third Critique.
Sally Sedgwick (1991). On Lying and the Role of Content in Kant's Ethics. Kant-Studien 82 (1):42-62.
Jules Vuillemin (1982). On Lying: Kant and Benjamin Constant. Kant-Studien 73 (1-4):413-424.
Roy Sorensen (2012). Lying with Conditionals. Philosophical Quarterly 62 (249):820-832.
Attila Ataner (2006). Kant on Capital Punishment and Suicide. Kant-Studien 97 (4):452-482.
Added to index2010-11-19
Total downloads157 ( #5,384 of 1,102,093 )
Recent downloads (6 months)19 ( #11,339 of 1,102,093 )
How can I increase my downloads?