David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Dialectica 54 (4):283–305 (2000)
We tend to talk about (refer to, quantify over) parts in the same way in which we talk about whole objects. Yet a part is not something to be included in an inventory of the world over and above the whole to which it belongs, and a whole is not something to be included in the inventory over and above its constituent parts. This paper is an attempt to clarify a way of dealing with this tension which may be labeled the Minimalist View: An element in the field of a part-whole relation is to be included in an inventory of the world if and only if it does not overlap any distinct element that is itself included in the inventory.
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References found in this work BETA
David Lewis (1991). Parts of Classes. Blackwell.
Peter M. Simons (1987). Parts: A Study in Ontology. Oxford University Press.
Stephen Neale (1990). Descriptions. MIT Press.
Hilary Putnam (1987). The Many Faces of Realism. Open Court.
Citations of this work BETA
Meg Wallace (2011). Composition as Identity: Part 2. Philosophy Compass 6 (11):817-827.
David Nicolas (2008). Mass Nouns and Plural Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):211-244.
Jeroen Smid (2015). The Ontological Parsimony of Mereology. Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3253-3271.
A. J. Cotnoir (2014). Universalism and Junk. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):649-664.
Francesco Berto (2013). Coincident Entities and Question-Begging Predicates: An Issue in Meta-Ontology. Metaphysica 14 (1):1-15.
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