David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):108 - 133 (2008)
I focus on three mereological pnnciples: the extensionality of parthood (EP), the uniqueness of composition (UC), and the extensionality of composition (EC). These pnnciples are not equivalent. Nevertheless they are closely related (and often equated), since they all reflect the basic nominalistic dictum No difference without a difference maker'. All of them, individually or collectively, have been challenged on philosophical grounds. In the first part I argue that such challenges do not quite threaten (EP), because they are either self-defeating or unsupported. In the second part I argue that they do little to undermine the tenability of(UC) and (EC) either
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