David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):551-573 (2008)
R.M. Hare’s two-level utilitarianism provides a useful framework for understanding the evolution of codes of professional ethics. From a Harean perspective, the codes reflect both the fact that members of various professions face special kinds of ethically charged situations in the normal course of their work, and the need for people in special roles to acquire various habits of thought and action. This highlights the role of virtue in professional ethics and provides guidance to professional societies when considering modifications to their codes. From a Harean perspective, a professional society should ask both “Are there kinds of situations that members of this profession will normally encounter which members of other professions and/or the general public will not?” and “What habits of thought and action would it be good for individuals encountering such situations to have?”.
|Keywords||Ethics Utilitarianism R.M. Hare Professional ethics Codes of ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
R. M. Hare (1993). Essays on Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
R. M. Hare (1981). Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point. Oxford University Press.
John Hick (1993). Disputed Questions in Theology and the Philosophy of Religion. Yale University Press.
Nancy L. Jones (2007). A Code of Ethics for the Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):25-43.
Immanuel Kant (2007). Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Late Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub. Ltd..
Citations of this work BETA
Ben A. Minteer & James P. Collins (2008). From Environmental to Ecological Ethics: Toward a Practical Ethics for Ecologists and Conservationists. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):483-501.
Ben A. Minteer, James P. Collins & Stephanie J. Bird (2008). Editors' Overview: The Emergence of Ecological Ethics. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):473-481.
Gary Comstock (2008). Intuitive Level System Rules: Commentary on “Utilitarianism and the Evolution of Ecological Ethics”. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):575-579.
C. Verharen, J. Tharakan, G. Middendorf, M. Castro-Sitiriche & G. Kadoda (2013). Introducing Survival Ethics Into Engineering Education and Practice. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):599-623.
Similar books and articles
William C. Starr (1983). Codes of Ethics — Towards a Rule-Utilitarian Justification. Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):99 - 106.
Mark S. Frankel (1989). Professional Codes: Why, How, and with What Impact? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):109 - 115.
Karim Jamal & Norman E. Bowie (1995). Theoretical Considerations for a Meaningful Code of Professional Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (9):703 - 714.
Jeanne F. Backof & Charles L. Martin (1991). Historical Perspectives: Development of the Codes of Ethics in the Legal, Medical and Accounting Professions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):99 - 110.
Maureen Muldoon (2006). Professional Ethics Considerations of Research Ethics Board Members in Canada. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 25 (1/4):67-80.
M. R. Mathews (1995). Social and Environmental Accounting: A Practical Demonstration of Ethical Concern? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 14 (8):663 - 671.
Stephanie J. Bird (1998). The Role of Professional Societies: Codes of Conduct and Their Enforcement. Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (3):315-320.
Mike W. Martin (2002). Provoking Thoughts on Professionalism. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2):279-283.
Michael Davis (2003). What Can We Learn by Looking for the First Code of Professional Ethics? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (5):433-454.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #118,740 of 1,696,171 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #137,977 of 1,696,171 )
How can I increase my downloads?