|Abstract||The Doctrine of Potential Parts (DPP) says that undetached parts, i.e., proper parts that are connected to other parts of the same whole, are not actual entities. They are merely potential entities, entities that do not exist but would exist if they were detached from the rest. They are just aspects of the whole to which they belong, ways in which the whole could be broken down, and talk of such parts is really just talk about the modal properties of the whole. DPP is rooted in some writings of Aristotle and Aquinas and has received considerable attention, in one form or other, also among contemporary philosophers, including Ingvar Johansson (2006a, 2008). Here I offer a reconstruction of this doctrine and present an argument to illustrate its hidden kinship with another, parallel but independent doctrine—the Doctrine of Potential Wholes(DPW). According to this second doctrine, disconnected wholes too, i.e., wholes that are not in one piece, count as merely potential entities, entities that do not exist though they would exist if their parts were suitably conjoined. I offer a diagnosis of the parallelism and briefly examine its bearing on Johansson’s views concerning the possibility of mereological change in the spirit of a common-sense metaphysics|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Thomas Anand Holden (2004). Bayle and the Case for Actual Parts. Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (2):145-164.
David-Hillel Ruben (1983). Social Wholes and Parts. Mind 92 (366):219-238.
Kris McDaniel (2010). Parts and Wholes. Philosophy Compass 5 (5):412-425.
Eric T. Olson (1997). Dion's Foot. Journal of Philosophy 94 (5):260-265.
Shaun Le Boutillier (2013). Emergence and Reduction. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (2):205-225.
Andreas Hüttemann & David Papineau (2005). Physicalism Decomposed. Analysis 65 (285):33–39.
Danielle Macbeth (2007). Striving for Truth in the Practice of Mathematics: Kant and Frege. Grazer Philosophische Studien 75 (1):65-92.
Ross P. Cameron (forthcoming). Parts Generate the Whole, but They Are Not Identical to It. In Donald Baxter & Aaron Cotnoir (eds.), Composition as Identity. Oxford University Press.
Andrew M. Bailey (2011). The Incompatibility of Composition as Identity, Priority Pluralism, and Irreflexive Grounding1. Analytic Philosophy 52 (3):171-174.
Sean Walsh (2012). Modal Mereology and Modal Supervenience. Philosophical Studies 159 (1):1-20.
Added to index2012-09-05
Total downloads28 ( #49,847 of 722,932 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #14,866 of 722,932 )
How can I increase my downloads?