David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Noûs 48 (3):573-593 (2014)
Many philosophers believe that the extensions of evaluative terms and concepts aren’t unified under non-evaluative similarity relations and that this “shapelessness thesis” (ST) has significant metaethical implications regarding non-cognitivism, ethical naturalism, moral particularism, thick concepts and more. ST is typically offered as an explanation of why evaluative classifications appear to “outrun” classifications specifiable in independently intelligible non-evaluative terms. This paper argues that both ST and the outrunning point used to motivate it can be explained on the basis of more general factors that have nothing in particular to do with being evaluative. If so, there is no reason to expect ST to carry the sorts of metaethical implications that get attributed to it. I also show that my main argument is robust across certain complications that are raised by the context-sensitivity of many evaluative terms but have so far been ignored in discussions of ST and related matters.
|Keywords||Metaethics Shapelessness Evaluative concepts Moral semantics Anti-reductionism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.) (1989). Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press, Usa.
Allan Gibbard (2003). Thinking How to Live. Harvard University Press.
Donald Davidson (1980). Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford University Press.
Derek Parfit (2011). On What Matters. Oxford University Press.
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (1985). Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Pekka Väyrynen (2013). Thick Concepts and Underdetermination. In Simon Kirchin (ed.), Thick Concepts. Oxford University Press
Christine Tappolet (2014). The Normativity of Evaluative Concepts. In Anne Reboul (ed.), Mind, Values, and Metaphysics. Philosophical Essays in Honor of Kevin Mulligan, Volume 2. 39-54.
Debbie Roberts (2011). Shapelessness and the Thick. Ethics 121 (3):489-520.
Brent G. Kyle (2013). How Are Thick Terms Evaluative? Philosophers' Imprint 13 (1):1-20.
Pekka Väyrynen (2011). Thick Concepts and Variability. Philosophers' Imprint 11 (1):1-17.
Christine Tappolet (1995). The Sense and Reference of Evaluative Terms. In Petr Kotatko & John Biro (eds.), Frege: Sense and Reference one Hundred Years later. Kluwer 113--127.
Pekka Väyrynen (2012). Thick Concepts: Where's Evaluation? In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 7. Oxford University Press 235-70.
François Schroeter (2006). The Limits of Sentimentalism. Ethics 116 (2):337-361.
Sanford Levy (2009). Metaethical Naturalism and Thick Moral Arguments. Philo 12 (1):46-60.
John Skorupski (2010). Sentimentalism: Its Scope and Limits. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):125 - 136.
Guy Kahane (2013). Must Metaethical Realism Make a Semantic Claim? Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):148-178.
Simon Kirchin (2010). The Shapelessness Hypothesis. Philosophers' Imprint 10 (04).
Christine Tappolet (2013). Evaluative Vs. Deontic Concepts. In Hugh Lafollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell 1791-99.
Laura Schroeter & François Schroeter (2009). A Third Way in Metaethics. Noûs 43 (1):1-30.
Added to index2012-06-15
Total downloads67 ( #60,604 of 1,790,408 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #54,915 of 1,790,408 )
How can I increase my downloads?