‘The first thing to know about God’: Kretzmann and Aquinas on the meaning and necessity of arguments for the existence of God
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Religious Studies 39 (3):251-267 (2003)
This paper examines critically Kretzmann's reconstruction of the project of natural theology as exemplified by Aquinas's Summa Contra Gentiles. It is argued that the notion of natural theology, as understood and advocated by Kretzmann, is particularly indebted to the epistemologically biased natural theology of modernity with its focus on rational justification of theistic belief. As a consequence, Kretzmann's view of the arguments for the existence of God and their place within Aquinas's theological project is insufficiently sensitive to the ontological conception of truth and intelligibility which underlies the argumentation. From his epistemological point of view Kretzmann differs from Aquinas in two aspects. First, he contends that it is not necessary to establish the existence of God with absolute certainty at the outset; one may begin with the hypothesis that there is a God. Second, the arguments do not yet conclude to the existence of God in the specific theistic sense; they show at most the existence of a primary explanatory entity, which may be identified with God later on. Both claims are criticized in the light of a discussion of Aquinas's theological method.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John F. X. Knasas (2002). Contra Spinoza. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (3):417-429.
John F. Wippel (2003). Norman Kretzmann on Aquinas's Attribution of Will and of Freedom to Create to God. Religious Studies 39 (3):287-298.
Brian Leftow (2003). On a Principle of Sufficient Reason. Religious Studies 39 (3):269-286.
Norman Kretzmann (2001). The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles I. Clarendon Press.
James Dominic Rooney (2009). Reconsidering the Place of Teleological Arguments for the Existence of God in the Light of the ID/Evolution Controversy. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:227 - 240.
George I. Mavrodes (1970). The Rationality of Belief in God. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
Mark D. Gossiaux (2003). Thomas Aquinas and Giles of Rome on the Existence of God as Self-Evident. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (1):57-79.
Christopher Hughes (1989). On a Complex Theory of a Simple God: An Investigation in Aquinas' Philosophical Theology. Cornell University Press.
A. Broadie (1999). Aquinas's Philosophical Theology. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (2):353 – 358.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #161,118 of 1,792,922 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #463,828 of 1,792,922 )
How can I increase my downloads?