David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):599-623 (2013)
Given the possibilities of synthetic biology, weapons of mass destruction and global climate change, humans may achieve the capacity globally to alter life. This crisis calls for an ethics that furnishes effective motives to take global action necessary for survival. We propose a research program for understanding why ethical principles change across time and culture. We also propose provisional motives and methods for reaching global consensus on engineering field ethics. Current interdisciplinary research in ethics, psychology, neuroscience and evolutionary theory grounds these proposals. Experimental ethics, the application of scientific principles to ethical studies, provides a model for developing policies to advance solutions. A growing literature proposes evolutionary explanations for moral development. Connecting these approaches necessitates an experimental or scientific ethics that deliberately examines theories of morality for reliability. To illustrate how such an approach works, we cover three areas. The first section analyzes cross-cultural ethical systems in light of evolutionary theory. While such research is in its early stages, its assumptions entail consequences for engineering education. The second section discusses Howard University and University of Puerto Rico/Mayagüez (UPRM) courses that bring ethicists together with scientists and engineers to unite ethical theory and practice. We include a syllabus for engineering and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) ethics courses and a checklist model for translating educational theory and practice into community action. The model is based on aviation, medicine and engineering practice. The third and concluding section illustrates Howard University and UPRM efforts to translate engineering educational theory into community action. Multidisciplinary teams of engineering students and instructors take their expertise from the classroom to global communities to examine further the ethicality of prospective technologies and the decision-making processes that lead to them.
|Keywords||Philosophy of engineering Survival ethics Checklist model Cross-cultural ethics Multidisciplinary education Appropriate technology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Marc Hauser (2006). Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong. Harper Collins.
Richard Joyce (2001). The Myth of Morality. Cambridge University Press.
Simon Blackburn (1993). Essays in Quasi-Realism. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Gonzalo Génova & M. Rosario González (forthcoming). Teaching Ethics to Engineers: A Socratic Experience. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
Similar books and articles
Susan Magun-Jackson (2004). A Psychological Model That Integrates Ethics in Engineering Education. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):219-224.
George Wang & Russell G. Thompson (2013). Incorporating Global Components Into Ethics Education. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):287-298.
Simon Robinson (ed.) (2007). Engineering, Business and Professional Ethics. Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann.
Armin Grunwald (2001). The Application of Ethics to Engineering and the Engineer's Moral Responsibility: Perspectives for a Research Agenda. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):415-428.
Robert E. McGinn (2003). “Mind the Gaps”: An Empirical Approach to Engineering Ethics, 1997–2001. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (4):517-542.
William J. Frey & Efraín O’Neill-Carrillo (2008). Engineering Ethics in Puerto Rico: Issues and Narratives. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):417-431.
Kevin M. Passino (2009). Educating the Humanitarian Engineer. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (4):577-600.
José A. Cruz & William J. Frey (2003). An Effective Strategy for Integrating Ethics Across the Curriculum in Engineering: An ABET 2000 Challenge. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (4):543-568.
Donna Riley (2013). Hidden in Plain View: Feminists Doing Engineering Ethics, Engineers Doing Feminist Ethics. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):189-206.
Jessica Li & Shengli Fu (2012). A Systematic Approach to Engineering Ethics Education. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):339-349.
Joseph R. Herkert (2005). Ways of Thinking About and Teaching Ethical Problem Solving: Microethics and Macroethics in Engineering. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):373-385.
Keith E. Elder (2004). Ethics Education in the Consulting Engineering Environment: Where Do We Start? Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):325-336.
Steven M. Culver, Ishwar K. Puri, Richard E. Wokutch & Vinod Lohani (2013). Comparison of Engagement with Ethics Between an Engineering and a Business Program. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):585-597.
Michael J. Rabins (1998). Teaching Engineering Ethics to Undergraduates: Why? What? How? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (3):291-302.
Added to index2011-12-08
Total downloads6 ( #322,845 of 1,725,833 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,700 of 1,725,833 )
How can I increase my downloads?