David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (6):649 - 680 (2009)
This article takes off from Johan van Benthem’s ruminations on the interface between logic and cognitive science in his position paper “Logic and reasoning: Do the facts matter?”. When trying to answer Van Benthem’s question whether logic can be fruitfully combined with psychological experiments, this article focuses on a specific domain of reasoning, namely higher-order social cognition, including attributions such as “Bob knows that Alice knows that he wrote a novel under pseudonym”. For intelligent interaction, it is important that the participants recursively model the mental states of other agents. Otherwise, an international negotiation may fail, even when it has potential for a win-win solution, and in a time-critical rescue mission, a software agent may depend on a teammate’s action that never materializes. First a survey is presented of past and current research on higher-order social cognition, from the various viewpoints of logic, artificial intelligence, and psychology. Do people actually reason about each other’s knowledge in the way proscribed by epistemic logic? And if not, how can logic and cognitive science productively work together to construct more realistic models of human reasoning about other minds? The paper ends with a delineation of possible avenues for future research, aiming to provide a better understanding of higher-order social reasoning. The methodology is based on a combination of experimental research, logic, computational cognitive models, and agent-based evolutionary models.
|Keywords||Epistemic logic Cognitive science Intelligent interaction Cognitive modeling|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David Marr (1982). Vision. Freeman.
Timothy Williamson (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford University Press.
R. W. Byrne & Andrew Whiten (1988). Machiavellian Intelligence: Social Expertise and the Evolution of Intellect in Monkeys, Apes, and Humans. Oxford University Press.
Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2003). Mindreading. An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Cédric Dégremont, Lena Kurzen & Jakub Szymanik (2012). Exploring the Tractability Border in Epistemic Tasks. Synthese (3):1-38.
Similar books and articles
Johan van Benthem (2008). Logic and Reasoning: Do the Facts Matter? Studia Logica 88 (1):67-84.
Johan van Benthem (2007). Abduction at the Interface of Logic and Philosophy of Science. Theoria 22 (3):271-273.
Ron Sun & Isaac Naveh (2007). Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive–Social Simulation. Mind and Society 6 (2):115-142.
Alistair Isaac & Jakub Szymanik (2010). Logic in Cognitive Science: Bridging the Gap Between Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms. Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research (2):279-309.
Rineke Verbrugge (2009). Logic and Social Cognition the Facts Matter, and so Do Computational Models. Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (6):649-680.
Added to index2009-10-14
Total downloads49 ( #88,657 of 1,911,325 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #319,111 of 1,911,325 )
How can I increase my downloads?