El principio del cierre causal del mundo físico (The Priniciple of the Causal Closure of the Physical World)

Crítica 33 (99):3 - 17 (2001)
Abstract
Cabe argumentar en favor del fisicismo a partir de consideraciones metodológicas o epistémicas, o desde un punto de vista ontológico. En los últimos años se ha venido presentando un potente argumento ontológico que hace un uso esencial de lo que se ha dado en llamar el "principio del cierre causal del mundo físico". En este artículo examino si es posible que sea la propia física quien fundamente este principio. Propongo que, con la ayuda de las contemporáneas teorías reductivas de la causalidad a intercambio o transferencia de cantidades conservadas, las leyes de conservación pueden proporcionar tal fundamento. También evalúo qué fuerza modal puede tener este principio del cierre. /// It is possible to argue for physicalism from methodological or epistemic considerations or from an ontological position. In the last years one can find a powerful ontological argument for physicalism which makes essential use of what has been labeled "the principle of the causal closure of the physical world". In this paper I examine whether this principle can be grounded in physics itself. I propose that, with the aid of contemporary reductive transference or exchange theories of causation, conservation laws can provide such a basis to the principle of the causal closure. I also consider what modal force the principle may have.
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