David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (1):3-19 (2012)
Charles Travis has been forcefully arguing that meaning does not determine truth-conditions for more than two decades now. To this end, he has devised ingenious examples whereby different utterances of the same prima facie non-ambiguous and non-indexical expression type have different truth-conditions depending on the occasion on which they are delivered. However, Travis does not argue that meaning varies with circumstances; only that truth-conditions do. He assumes that meaning is a stable feature of both words and sentences. After surveying some of the explanations that semanticists and pragmaticians have produced in order to account for Travis cases, I propose a view which differs substantially from all of them. I argue that the variability in the truth-conditions that an utterance type can have is due to meaning facts alone. To support my argument, I suggest that we think about the meanings of words (in particular, the meanings of nouns) as rich conceptual structures; so rich that the way in which a property concept applies to an object concept is not determined
|Keywords||Meaning Truth-conditions Occasion-sensitivity Conceptual semantics Semantic knowledge World knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Emma Borg (2004). Minimal Semantics. Oxford University Press.
Herman Cappelen (2005). Insensitive Semantics: A Defense of Semantic Minimalism and Speech Act Pluralism. Blackwell Pub..
Susan Carey (2009). The Origin of Concepts. Oxford University Press.
R. Carston (2002). Thoughts and Utterances. Blackwell.
Robyn Carston (2008). Linguistic Communication and the Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction. Synthese 165 (3):321 - 345.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Charles Travis (2008). Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays. Oxford University Press.
Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Truth-Conditional Pragmatics. Noûs 36 (s16):105 - 134.
Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Truth-Conditional Pragmatics. Philosophical Perspectives 16 (s16):105-134.
Stefano Predelli (2011). Sub-Sentential Speech and the Traditional View. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):571-588.
Heather Dyke (2003). Tensed Meaning: A Tenseless Account. Journal of Philosophical Research 28:65-81.
Daniel Whiting (2011). Leave Truth Alone: On Deflationism and Contextualism. European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):607-624.
C. Travis (1996). Meaning's Role in Truth. Mind 105 (419):451-466.
Herman Cappelen & Ernie Lepore (2005). Radical and Moderate Pragmatics: Does Meaning Determine Truth Conditions? In Zoltán Gendler Szabó (ed.), Semantics versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.
Ulvi Doğuoğlu (2007). Sense and Sensitivity. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:59-67.
D. E. Over (1981). Game Theoretical Semantics and Entailment. Studia Logica 40 (1):67 - 74.
Howard Simmons (1997). Circumstances and the Truth of Words: A Reply to Travis. Mind 106 (421):117-118.
Richard Heck (2002). Meaning and Truth-Conditions: A Reply to Kemp. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):82–87.
Brian Loar (1982). Conceptual Role and Truth Conditions. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 23 (July):272-83.
Nicla Vassallo & Claudia Bianchi (2007). Meaning, Contexts and Justification. In D. C. Richardson B. Kokinov (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 69--81.
Added to index2012-05-08
Total downloads152 ( #6,805 of 1,679,369 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #47,846 of 1,679,369 )
How can I increase my downloads?