The human genome project: Towards an analysis of the empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues involved [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):255-278 (1992)
In this paper I claim that the goal of mapping and sequencing the human genome is not wholly new, but rather is an extension of an older project to map genes, a central aim of genetics since its birth. Thus, the discussion about the value of the HGP should not be posed in global terms of acceptance or rejection, but in terms of how it should be developed. The first section of this paper presents a brief history of the project. The second section distinguishes among four kinds of issues relevant to an evaluation of the HGP: those economic and organizational issues related to the feasibility of the project; the ethical questions arising in the development of the project and the application of the data gathered; the empirical issues relevant to the scientific value of the project; and conceptual issues like reductionism and determinism relevant to understand the nature and scope of the project. In a third section, I analyze in detail whether the HGP and, more generally, molecular biology is reductionistic.
|Keywords||Human Genome Project molecular biology reductionism|
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References found in this work BETA
Richard C. Lewontin, Leon J. Kamin & Steven P. R. Rose (1984). Not in Our Genes Biology, Ideology, and Human Nature. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Richard W. Miller (1987). Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences. Princeton University Press.
J. A. Fodor (1974). Special Sciences (Or: The Disunity of Science as a Working Hypothesis). Synthese 28 (2):97-115.
Philip Kitcher (1984). 1953 and All That. A Tale of Two Sciences. Philosophical Review 93 (3):335-373.
Elliott Sober (1992). Reconstructing the Past: Parsimony, Evolution, and Inference. Philosophical Review 101 (3):725-729.
Citations of this work BETA
Laurie Anne Whitt (1999). Value-Bifurcation in Bioscience: The Rhetoric of Research Justification. Perspectives on Science 7 (4):413-446.
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