David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (4):467-522 (2008)
In Spanish (and other Romance languages) certain predicates select the subjunctive mood in the embedded clause, while others select the indicative mood. In this paper, I present a new analysis for the predicates that select the subjunctive mood in Spanish that is based on a semantics of comparison. The main generalization proposed here is the following: in Spanish, a predicate selects the subjunctive mood in its embedded proposition if the proposition is compared to its contextual alternatives on a scale introduced by the predicate. In this proposal, predicates that select the subjunctive mood are thus analyzed as gradable predicates. Furthermore, the subjunctive mood morpheme is claimed to make a semantic contribution, namely to evaluate the contextual alternatives that are compared by the predicate. In comparing this proposal to other approaches, I show that it can more straightforwardly account for a number of properties of these predicates (entailment relations, practical inferences, and contexts with more than two alternatives). New empirical evidence for two crucial properties of the predicates that select the subjunctive mood is provided: these predicates are focus sensitive and they are gradable, two properties that follow directly from the proposal developed here. In the vast literature on mood, the link between the appearance of the subjunctive mood and these important properties has never been made before.
|Keywords||Subjunctive mood Propositional attitudes Focus Semantics of comparison|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David K. Lewis (1973). Counterfactuals. Blackwell Publishers.
David K. Lewis (1983). Philosophical Papers. Oxford University Press.
Jaakko Hintikka (1962). Knowledge and Belief. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press.
Kai von Fintel (1994). Restrictions on Quantifier Domains. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Mats Rooth (1992). A Theory of Focus Interpretation. Natural Language Semantics 1 (1):75-116.
Citations of this work BETA
Emar Maier (2015). Parasitic Attitudes. Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (3):205-236.
Alexis Wellwood (2015). On the Semantics of Comparison Across Categories. Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (1):67-101.
Luka Crnič (2014). Non-Monotonicity in NPI Licensing. Natural Language Semantics 22 (2):169-217.
Similar books and articles
Dylan Evans, From Moods to Modules: Preliminary Remarks for an Evolutionary Theory of Mood Phenomena.
L. Sundararajan (2000). Background-Mood in Emotional Creativity: A Microanalysis. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):227-243.
Diane Barense (1988). On the Tense Structure of Conditionals. Philosophy Research Archives 14:539-566.
M. Andrewes (1951). The Function of Tense Variation in the Subjunctive Mood of Oratio Obliqua. The Classical Review 1 (3-4):142-146.
Anastasia Giannakidou, The Dependency of the Subjunctive Revisited: Temporal Semantics and Polarity.
Adam Buben (2011). Patrick Sheil: Kierkegaard and Levinas: The Subjunctive Mood. [REVIEW] Human Studies 34 (4):475-480.
Deirdre Wilson & Dan Sperber (1988). Mood and the Analysis of Non-Declarative Sentences. In J. Dancy, J. M. E. Moravcsik & C. C. W. Taylor (eds.), Human Agency: Language, Duty, and Value. Stanford University Press 77--101.
Ana Cristina Quelhas & Ruth Byrne (2003). Reasoning with Deontic and Counterfactual Conditionals. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (1):43 – 65.
Patrick Sheil (2009). Kierkegaard and Levinas: The Subjunctive Mood. Ashgate Pub. Ltd..
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads112 ( #32,287 of 1,790,126 )
Recent downloads (6 months)16 ( #50,680 of 1,790,126 )
How can I increase my downloads?