Two apparent 'counterexamples' to Marcus: A closer look [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):359-382 (2005)
Marcus et al.’s experiment (1999) concerning infant ability to distinguish between differing syntactic structures has prompted connectionists to strive to show that certain types of neural networks can mimic the infants’ results. In this paper we take a closer look at two such attempts: Shultz and Bale [Shultz, T.R. and Bale, A.C. (2001), Infancy 2, pp. 501–536] Altmann and Dienes [Altmann, G.T.M. and Dienes, Z. (1999) Science 248, p. 875a]. We were not only interested in how well these two models matched the infants’ results, but also whether they were genuinely learning the grammars involved in this process. After performing an extensive set of experiments, we found that, at first blush, Shultz and Bale’s model (2001) replicated the infant’s known data, but the model largely failed to learn the grammars. We also found serious problems with Altmann and Dienes’ model (1999), which fell short of matching any of the infant’s results and of learning the syntactic structure of the input patterns.
|Keywords||artificial grammars connectionism grammar learning neural networks simple recurrent networks syntactic structures|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Zoltán Dienes, Gerry T. M. Altmann & Shi‐Ji Gao (1999). Mapping Across Domains Without Feedback: A Neural Network Model of Transfer of Implicit Knowledge. Cognitive Science 23 (1):53-82.
Robert F. Hadley (1995). The 'Explicit-Implicit' Distinction. Minds and Machines 5 (2):219-42.
Citations of this work BETA
Thomas R. Shultz & Alan C. Bale (2006). Neural Networks Discover a Near-Identity Relation to Distinguish Simple Syntactic Forms. Minds and Machines 16 (2):107-139.
Similar books and articles
Marcus Aurelius (1747/1975). The Commentaries of the Emperor Marcus Antoninus, Containing His Maxims of Science and Rules of Life, Wrote for His Own Use and Address'd to Himself. Ams Press.
Tomas Bogardus (2009). A Vindication of the Equal-Weight View. Episteme 6 (3):324-335.
Brian Weatherson (2004). Morality, Fiction, and Possibility. Philosophers' Imprint 4 (3):1-27.
David Palmer (2011). Pereboom on the Frankfurt Cases. Philosophical Studies 153 (2):261 - 272.
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers, The Influence on Marcus Tullius Cicero on Modern Legal and Political Ideas.
David P. Hunt (1996). Frankfurt Counterexamples. Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):395-401.
Daniel Guevara (2008). Rebutting Formally Valid Counterexamples to the Humean “is-Ought” Dictum. Synthese 164 (1):45-60.
Sarah Sawyer (2002). In Defense of Burge's Thesis. Philosophical Studies 107 (2):109-28.
David Hunt (1996). ``Frankfurt Counterexamples: Some Comments on the Widerker--Fischer Debate&Quot. Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):395-401.
Adam Thompson (1986). Counterexamples to Nozick's Account of Transmission of Knowledge Via Proof. Philosophy Research Archives 12:261-265.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #190,812 of 1,781,161 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #166,218 of 1,781,161 )
How can I increase my downloads?