David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 8 (1):94-113 (1999)
The process-dissociation procedure has been used in a variety of experimental contexts to assess the contributions of conscious and unconscious processes to task performance. To evaluate whether motivation affects estimates of conscious and unconscious processes, participants were given incentives to follow inclusion and exclusion instructions in a perception task and a memory task. Relative to a control condition in which no performance incentives were given, the results for the perception task indicated that incentives increased the participants' ability to exclude previously presented information, which in turn both increased the estimate of conscious processes and decreased the estimate of unconscious processes. However, the results also indicated that incentives did not influence estimates of conscious or unconscious processes in the memory task. The findings suggest that the process-dissociation procedure is relatively immune to influences of motivation when used with a memory task, but that caution should be exercised when the process-dissociation is used with a perception task.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Elizabeth Irvine (2009). Signal Detection Theory, the Exclusion Failure Paradigm and Weak Consciousness—Evidence for the Access/Phenomenal Distinction? Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):551-560.
Michael Snodgrass, Natasha Kalaida & E. Samuel Winer (2009). Access is Mainly a Second-Order Process: SDT Models Whether Phenomenally (First-Order) Conscious States Are Accessed by Reflectively (Second-Order) Conscious Processes☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):561-564.
Stephen M. Fleming & Raymond J. Dolan (2010). Effects of Loss Aversion on Post-Decision Wagering: Implications for Measures of Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):352-363.
Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Bert Timmermans, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard (2011). Measuring Consciousness: Task Accuracy and Awareness as Sigmoid Functions of Stimulus Duration. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1659-1675.
Michael Snodgrass & Scott A. Lepisto (2007). Access for What? Reflective Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):525-526.
Similar books and articles
A. Buchner, E. Erdfelder & B. Vaterrodt-Plunnecke (1995). Toward Unbiased Measurement of Conscious and Unconscious Memory Processes Within the Process Dissociation Framework. Journal of Experimental Psychology 124 (2):137-60.
Jonathan W. Schooler & Charles A. Schreiber (2005). To Know or Not to Know: Consciousness, Meta-Consciousness, and Motivation. In Joseph P. Forgas, Kipling D. Williams & Simon M. Laham (eds.), Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Cambridge University Press. 351-372.
Hugo Bleichmar (2004). Making Conscious the Unconscious in Order to Modify Unconscious Processing: Some Mechanisms of Therapeutic Change. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 85 (6):1379-1400.
Steven J. Spencer, Steven Fein, Erin J. Strahan & Mark P. Zanna (2005). The Role of Motivation in the Unconscious: How Our Motives Control the Activation of Our Thoughts and Shape Our Actions. In Joseph P. Forgas, Kipling D. Williams & Simon M. Laham (eds.), Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Cambridge University Press. 113-129.
Ron Sun (2002). The Emergence of Consciousness: BUC Versus SOC. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):355-356.
Dawn M. McBride (2007). Methods for Measuring Conscious and Automatic Memory: A Brief Review. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):198-215.
Fritz Strack & Roland Deutsch (2005). Reflection and Impulse as Determinants of Conscious and Unconscious Motivation. In Joseph P. Forgas, Kipling D. Williams & Simon M. Laham (eds.), Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Cambridge University Press. 91-112.
Gezinus Wolters & R. Hans Phaf (2002). Contrasts and Dissociations Suggest Qualitative Differences Between Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):359-360.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads63 ( #25,638 of 1,100,147 )
Recent downloads (6 months)22 ( #9,105 of 1,100,147 )
How can I increase my downloads?