A Cross-cultural and Buddhist-Friendly Interpretation of the Typology Exclusivism-Inclusivism-Pluralism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sophia 50 (3):453-480 (2011)
This article develops a new and expanded interpretation of the typology exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism. The proposal refines the categories of what was originally a Christian typology in order to provide a truly cross-cultural and interreligious framework to better understand and compare the most common views of religious diversity found not only in Christianity, but also in Buddhism and other religions. Although building upon Schmidt-Leukel's logical reinterpretation of the typology, the article substantially modifies his framework and understands the typology, not as a comprehensive classification of possible attitudes toward other religions, but rather as an open-ended framework to clarify the nature of the most common theologies of religions that exist in reality. The new interpretation provides a more precise definition of inclusivism that does not conflate inclusivism with the affirmation of a singular maximum, thus distinguishing between absolutistic and non-absolutistic forms of inclusivism. The new interpretation introduces an intermediate position between inclusivism and pluralism called pluralistic inclusivism. The article challenges David Ray Griffin's concept of generic pluralism and proposes a new understanding of pluralism indebted to Raimundo Panikkar
|Keywords||Buddhism Pluralism Inclusivism Exclusivism Panikkar Hick Schmidt-Leukel Griffin Knitter Hedges|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Abraham Vélez de Cea (2011). A Cross-Cultural and Buddhist-Friendly Interpretation of the Typology Exclusivism-Inclusivism-Pluralism. Sophia 50 (3):453-480.
Gavin D'Costa (1996). The Impossibility of a Pluralist View of Religions. Religious Studies 32 (2):223 - 232.
Janusz Salamon (2010). Light Out of Plenitude: Towards an Epistemology of Mystical Inclusivism. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (2):141 - 175.
Bernd Irlenborn (2010). Religious Diversity: A Philosophical Defense of Religious Inclusivism. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (2):127 - 140.
Mikael Stenmark (2009). Religious Pluralism and the Some-Are-Equally-Right View. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (2):21 - 35.
John Hick (1997). The Possibility of Religious Pluralism: A Reply to Gavin D'Costa. Religious Studies 33 (2):161-166.
Harry Oldmeadow (2008). Mediations: Essays on Religious Pluralism and the Perennial Philosophy. Sophia Perennis.
Avi Sagi (1999). Religious Pluralism Assessed. Sophia 38 (2):93-115.
Philip L. Quinn & Kevin Meeker (eds.) (2000). The Philosophical Challenge of Religious Diversity. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Davis (2010). Defending Religious Pluralism for Religious Education. Ethics and Education 5 (3):189 - 202.
Veit Bader (2003). Religions and States. A New Typology and a Plea for Non-Constitutional Pluralism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (1):55-91.
Jeffery Long (2007). Can a Hindu Pan-Inclusivism Also Be a Deep Hindu Pluralism? Process Studies 36 (1):121-130.
Joseph Runzo (1988). God, Commitment, and Other Faiths. Faith and Philosophy 5 (4):343-364.
Added to index2011-08-22
Total downloads10 ( #167,973 of 1,679,286 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,420 of 1,679,286 )
How can I increase my downloads?