Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||This article surveys the state of the art in the ﬁeld of semantic universals. We examine potential semantic universals in three areas: (i) the lexicon, (ii) semantic “glue” (functional morphemes and composition principles), and (iii) pragmatics. At the level of the lexicon, we ﬁnd remarkably few convincing semantic universals. At the level of functional morphemes and composition principles, we discuss a number of promising constraints, most of which require further empirical testing and/or reﬁnement. In the realm of pragmatics, we predict that Gricean mechanisms are universal, but suggest that the precise nature of presuppositions may be subject to cross-linguistic variation. Finally, we follow E.L. Keenan in concluding that the overarching universal of effability or translatability between languages cannot be upheld in its strongest form. A recurring theme throughout this survey is how much work still remains to be done in the relatively young ﬁeld of cross-linguistic formal semantics.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
R. W. Sharples (2005). Alexander of Aphrodisias on Universals: Two Problematic Texts. Phronesis 50 (1):43 - 55.
Geoffrey Sampson (1976). An Empirical Hypothesis About Natural Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (2):209 - 236.
Ruth M. Kempson (1977). Semantic Theory. Cambridge University Press.
Paweł Rojek (2008). Three Trope Theories. Axiomathes 18 (3):359-377.
Jürgen Habermas (1970). Towards a Theory of Communicative Competence. Inquiry 13 (1-4):360-375.
Javier Kalhat (2008). Structural Universals and the Principle of Uniqueness of Composition. Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 (1):57-77.
Charles Landesman (1971). The Problem of Universals. New York,Basic Books.
Dietmar Zaefferer (ed.) (1991). Semantic Universals and Universal Semantics. Foris Publications.
Anna Wierzbicka (1996). Semantics: Primes and Universals. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads15 ( #86,014 of 739,346 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,538 of 739,346 )
How can I increase my downloads?