David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (1):59 - 71 (2010)
"Surrender; therefore, surrender or fight" is apparently an argument corresponding to an inference from an imperative to an imperative. Several philosophers, however (Williams 1963; Wedeking 1970; Harrison 1991; Hansen 2008), have denied that imperative inferences exist, arguing that (1) no such inferences occur in everyday life, (2) imperatives cannot be premises or conclusions of inferences because it makes no sense to say, for example, "since surrender" or "it follows that surrender or fight", and (3) distinct imperatives have conflicting permissive presuppositions ("surrender or fight" permits you to fight without surrendering, but "surrender" does not), so issuing distinct imperatives amounts to changing one's mind and thus cannot be construed as making an inference. In response I argue inter alia that, on a reasonable understanding of 'inference', some everyday-life inferences do have imperatives as premises and conclusions, and that issuing imperatives with conflicting permissive presuppositions does not amount to changing one's mind
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Lennart Åqvist (1965). Choice-Offering and Alternative-Presenting Disjunctive Commands. Analysis 25 (5):182 - 184.
Elizabeth Lane Beardsley (1944). Imperative Sentences in Relation to Indicatives. Philosophical Review 53 (2):175-185.
Nuel Belnap (1990). Declaratives Are Not Enough. Philosophical Studies 59 (1):1 - 30.
Jonathan Bennett (1970). Review: Hector-Neri Castaneda, `Ought' and Assumption in Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):134-135.
Andrew Brennan & Bruce Aune (1980). Reason and Action. Philosophical Quarterly 30 (121):372.
Citations of this work BETA
Nate Charlow (2014). Logic and Semantics for Imperatives. Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (4):617-664.
Jörg Hansen (2014). Be Nice! How Simple Imperatives Simplify Imperative Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (5):965-977.
Similar books and articles
Jeremy Schwartz (2010). Do Hypothetical Imperatives Require Categorical Imperatives? European Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):84-107.
Rosja Mastop (2011). Imperatives as Semantic Primitives. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (4):305-340.
Josh Parsons (2012). Cognitivism About Imperatives. Analysis 72 (1):49-54.
Peter B. M. Vranas (2008). New Foundations for Imperative Logic I: Logical Connectives, Consistency, and Quantifiers. Noûs 42 (4):529-572.
P. D. Magnus (2008). Demonstrative Induction and the Skeleton of Inference. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):303 – 315.
Berislav Žarnić (2011). Dynamic Models in Imperative Logic (Imperatives in Action: Changing Minds and Norms). In Anna Brozek, Jacek Jadacki & Berislav Žarnić (eds.), Theory of Imperatives from Different Points of Wiev. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Semper.
Randolph C. Wheeler (2008). Kantian Imperatives and Phenomenology's Original Forces: Kant's Imperatives and the Directives of Contemporary Phenomenology. Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
Peter B. M. Vranas (2012). New Foundations for Imperative Logic Iii: A General Definition of Argument Validity. Manuscript in Preparation.
Peter B. M. Vranas (2011). New Foundations for Imperative Logic: Pure Imperative Inference. Mind 120 (478):369 - 446.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads30 ( #65,791 of 1,413,391 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #94,438 of 1,413,391 )
How can I increase my downloads?