David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):81-93 (2004)
The Helsinki Declaration is the ‘gold standard’ — a directive, not a law, on how to conduct controlled studies in humans in conformity with ethical principles. In spite of many discussions about their unsuitability some articles have remained unchanged in the most recent (sixth) revision of the Declaration. The demand to use “the best treatment” excludes use of placebo in the control group and presents an obstacle to the scientific evaluation of a number of drugs and treatments in general. The use of placebo is justified whenever its use does not cause irreversible damage or considerable suffering to the well informed patient. It must be, is, and will be used in the controlled clinical trials of treatments of a great number of diseases especially those which have a tendency to spontaneous improvement, even healing, or have a pronounced psychological component.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson (2001). The Ethics Wars: Disputes Over International Research. Hastings Center Report 31 (3):18-20.
Daniel Groll (2011). What You Don't Know Can Help You: The Ethics of Placebo Treatment. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (2):188-202.
Ruth Macklin (2001). After Helsinki: Unresolved Issues in International Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):17-36.
Jacek Spławiński & Jerzy Kuźniar (2004). Clinical Trials: Active Control Vs Placebo — What is Ethical? Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):73-79.
Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2002). What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.
John Williams, The Ethics of Placebo-Controlled Trials in Developing Countries to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV.
Randolph Smoak (2004). Placebo: Its Action and Place in Health Research Today. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):9-13.
Ernst A. Singer (2004). The Necessity and the Value of Placebo. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):51-56.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #118,450 of 1,010,217 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,700 of 1,010,217 )
How can I increase my downloads?