David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (2):279 - 314 (2009)
Surprisingly, many ethical realists and anti-realists, naturalists and not, all accept some version of the following normative appeal to the natural (NAN): evaluative and normative facts hold solely in virtue of natural facts, where their naturalness is part of what fits them for the job. This paper argues not that NAN is false but that NAN has no adequate non-parochial justification (a justification that relies only on premises which can be accepted by more or less everyone who accepts NAN) to back up this consensus. I show that we cannot establish versions of NAN which are interesting in their own right (and not merely as instances of a general naturalistic ontology) by appealing to the nature of natural properties or the kind of in-virtue-of relation to which NAN refers, plus other plausible nonparochial assumptions. On the way, I distinguish different types of 'in virtue of claims. I conclude by arguing that the way in which assessment of meta-ethical hypotheses is theory-dependent predicts the failure of non-parochial justifications of NAN
|Keywords||Normativity Naturalness Metaphysical determination 'In virtue of'|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
D. M. Armstrong (2004). Truth and Truthmakers. Cambridge University Press.
Russ Shafer-Landau (2003). Moral Realism: A Defence. Oxford University Press.
Jonathan Dancy (2004). Ethics Without Principles. Oxford University Press.
James Woodward (2003). Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation. Oxford University Press.
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (1985). Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Simon Kirchin (2013). II—Simon Kirchin: Evaluation, Normativity and Grounding. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):179-198.
Similar books and articles
Sing-Nan Fen (1963). On Learning as Disposition. Educational Theory 13 (1):39-43.
Miriam Ronzoni & Laura Valentini (2008). On the Meta-Ethical Status of Constructivism: Reflections on G.A. Cohen's `Facts and Principles'. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (4):403-422.
Andrew B. Schoedinger (2007). Nonreductive Ethical Naturalism. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:3-6.
C. S. Jenkins (2007). Epistemic Norms and Natural Facts. American Philosophical Quarterly 44 (3):259 - 272.
Eric Watkins (2008). Kant and the Myth of the Given. Inquiry 51 (5):512 – 531.
Paul E. Griffiths (2004). Emotions as Natural and Normative Kinds. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):901-911.
Paul Rakita Goldin (1999). Insidious Syncretism in the Political Philosophy of Huai-Nan-Tzu. Asian Philosophy 9 (3):165 – 191.
Matteo Mameli (2006). Norms for Emotions: Biological Functions and Representational Contents. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (1):101-121.
Nan-Nan Lee (1987). The Bodymind Experience in Japanese Buddhism. The Personalist Forum 3 (1):75-78.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads138 ( #28,902 of 1,934,854 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #58,932 of 1,934,854 )
How can I increase my downloads?