Argument from Expert Opinion as Legal Evidence: Critical Questions and Admissibility Criteria of Expert Testimony in the American Legal System
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ratio Juris 19 (3):261-286 (2006)
While courts depend on expert opinions in reaching sound judgments, the role of the expert witness in legal proceedings is associated with a litany of problems. Perhaps most prevalent is the question of under what circumstances should testimony be admitted as expert opinion. We review the changing policies adopted by American courts in an attempt to ensure the reliability and usefulness of the scientific and technical information admitted as evidence. We argue that these admissibility criteria are best seen in a dialectical context as a set of critical questions of the kind commonly used in models of argumentation.
|Keywords||argument argumentatoion expert testimony expert opinion legal argument legal argumentation dialectical model of argumentation|
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References found in this work BETA
John L. Pollock (1995). Cognitive Carpentry. MIT Press.
Douglas Walton (2002). Legal Argumentation and Evidence. Penn State University Press.
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Douglas Walton (1997). Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments From Authority. Penn State University Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Adam J. L. Harris, Ulrike Hahn, Jens K. Madsen & Anne S. Hsu (2015). The Appeal to Expert Opinion: Quantitative Support for a Bayesian Network Approach. Cognitive Science 39 (8):n/a-n/a.
Ulrike Hahn & Jos Hornikx (forthcoming). A Normative Framework for Argument Quality: Argumentation Schemes with a Bayesian Foundation. Synthese:1-41.
Douglas Walton & Nanning Zhang (2013). The Epistemology of Scientific Evidence. Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (2):173-219.
Frank Zenker (2011). Experts and Bias: When is the Interest-Based Objection to Expert Argumentation Sound? [REVIEW] Argumentation 25 (3):355-370.
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