David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):51-64 (2005)
Research in the neurosciences continues to provide evidence that sleep plays a role in the processes of learning and memory. There is less of a consensus, however, regarding the precise stages of memory development during which sleep is considered a requirement, simply favorable, or not important. This article begins with an overview of recent studies regarding sleep and learning, predominantly in the procedural memory domain, and is measured against our current understanding of the mechanisms that govern memory formation. Based on these considerations, I offer a new neurocognitive framework of procedural learning, consisting first of acquisition, followed by two specific stages of consolidation, one involving a process of stabilization, the other involving enhancement, whereby delayed learning occurs. Psychophysiological evidence indicates that initial acquisition does not rely fundamentally on sleep. This also appears to be true for the stabilization phase of consolidation, with durable representations, resistant to interference, clearly developing in a successful manner during time awake (or just time, per se). In contrast, the consolidation stage, resulting in additional/enhanced learning in the absence of further rehearsal, does appear to rely on the process of sleep, with evidence for specific sleep-stage dependencies across the procedural domain. Evaluations at a molecular, cellular, and systems level currently offer several sleep specific candidates that could play a role in sleep-dependent learning. These include the upregulation of select plasticity-associated genes, increased protein synthesis, changes in neurotransmitter concentration, and specific electrical events in neuronal networks that modulate synaptic potentiation. Key Words: consolidation; enhancement; learning; memory; plasticity; sleep; stabilization.
|Keywords||consolidation enhancement learning memory plasticity sleep stabilization|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Tali Bitan & James R. Booth (2012). Offline Improvement in Learning to Read a Novel Orthography Depends on Direct Letter Instruction. Cognitive Science 36 (5):896-918.
Mark Blagrove, Josie Henley-Einion, Amanda Barnett, Darren Edwards & C. Heidi Seage (2011). A Replication of the 5–7day Dream-Lag Effect with Comparison of Dreams to Future Events as Control for Baseline Matching. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):384-391.
Kimberly M. Fenn, Daniel Margoliash & Howard C. Nusbaum (2013). Sleep Restores Loss of Generalized but Not Rote Learning of Synthetic Speech. Cognition 128 (3):280-286.
Similar books and articles
Ronald Szymusiak (2005). The Challenge of Identifying Cellular Mechanisms of Memory Formation During Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):84-85.
Anton Coenen (2005). Where is the Classic Interference Theory for Sleep and Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):67-68.
Bhavin R. Sheth (2005). Memory Consolidation During Sleep: A Form of Brain Restitution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):81-82.
Carlyle T. Smith (2005). Consolidation Enhancement: Which Stages of Sleep for Which Tasks? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):83-84.
Matthew P. Walker (2005). Past, Present, and the Future: Discussions Surrounding a New Model of Sleep-Dependent Learning and Memory Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):87-104.
Jerome M. Siegel (2005). The Incredible, Shrinking Sleep-Learning Connection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):82-83.
Luca A. Finelli & Terrence J. Sejnowski (2005). What is Consolidated During Sleep-Dependent Motor Skill Learning? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):70-71.
Philippe Peigneux, Arnaud Destrebecqz, Christophe Hotermans & Axel Cleeremans (2005). Filling One Gap by Creating Another: Memory Stabilization is Not All-or-Nothing, Either. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):78-78.
Axel Cleeremans (2005). Filling One Gap by Creating Another: Memory Stabilization is Not All-or-Nothing, Either. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):78-78.
Robert P. Vertes (2005). Sleep is for Rest, Waking Consciousness is for Learning and Memory – of Any Kind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):86-87.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #81,487 of 1,096,620 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #51,759 of 1,096,620 )
How can I increase my downloads?