David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):259-274 (1981)
This article assesses what standards of safety and certainty of diagnosis need to be met in the determination of brain death. Recent medical, legal, and philosophical developments on brain death are summarized. It is argued that epistemologically adequate standards require the finding of whole-brain death rather than destruction of the cortex. Because of the possibility of positive error in misdiagnosing death, a tutioristic approach of being on the safe side is advocated. Given uncertainties in diagnosis of so-called vegetative states like the apallic syndrome, anything less than whole-brain death, especially given the present state of diagnostic capability, should not qualify as an argument for removing therapy specifically on grounds that the patient is dead.
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References found in this work BETA
George J. Annas (1980). Quinlan, Saikewicz, and Now Brother Fox. Hastings Center Report 10 (3):20-21.
Douglas N. Walton (1982). Brain Death: Ethical Considerations. Philosophical Review 91 (4):656-657.
George J. Annas (1980). Refusing Medication in Mental Hospitals. Hastings Center Report 10 (1):21-22.
Citations of this work BETA
Georges Rey (1983). The Lack of a Case for Mental Duality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):733.
David L. Wilson (1983). A Proposed Experimental Test of Puccetti's Dual Consciousness Hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):735.
Lauren Julius Harris (1983). Henry Holland on the Hypothesis of Duality of Mind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):732.
Roland Puccetti (1983). Holograms, History, Mental Agnosticism, and Testability. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):735.
John L. Bradshaw (1983). Mental Duality, Unity and Multiplicity, and a Holographic Model of the Mind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):732.
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