David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 17 (2):209-223 (2004)
A mechanism for planning ahead would appear to be essential to any creature with more than insect level intelligence. In this paper it is shown how planning, using full means-ends analysis, can be had while avoiding the so called symbol grounding problem. The key role of knowledge representation in intelligence has been acknowledged since at least the enlightenment, but the advent of the computer has made it possible to explore the limits of alternate schemes, and to explore the nature of our everyday understanding of the world around us. In particular, artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics has forced a close examination, by people other than philosophers, of what it means to say for instance that "snow is white." One interpretation of the "new AI" is that it is questioning the need for representation altogether. Brooks and others have shown how a range of intelligent behaviors can be had without representation, and this paper goes one step further showing how intending to do things can be achieved without symbolic representation. The paper gives a concrete example of a mechanism in terms of robots that play soccer. It describes a belief, desire and intention (BDI) architecture that plans in terms of activities. The result is a situated agent that plans to do things with no more ontological commitment than the reactive systems Brooks described in his seminal paper, "Intelligence without Representation."
|Keywords||Artificial Intelligence Intention Metaphysics Representation Symbol|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Martin Ringle (ed.) (1979). Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence. Humanities Press.
Mark H. Bickhard (1993). Representational Content in Humans and Machines. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 5:285-33.
William Ramsey (1995). Rethinking Distributed Representation. Acta Analytica 10 (14):9-25.
Robert C. Cummins & Georg Schwarz (1987). Radical Connectionism. Southern Journal of Philosophy Supplement 26 (S1):43-61.
Murat Aydede & Guven Guzeldere (2000). Consciousness, Intentionality, and Intelligence: Some Foundational Issues for Artificial Intelligence. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):263-277.
Brendan Kitts (1999). Representation Operators and Computation. Minds and Machines 9 (2):223-240.
Chris Thornton (1997). Brave Mobots Use Representation: Emergence of Representation in Fight-or-Flight Learning. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 7 (4):475-494.
Rodney Brooks (1991). Intelligence Without Representation. Artificial Intelligence 47:139-159.
Vincent C. Müller (2007). Is There a Future for AI Without Representation? Minds and Machines 17 (1):101-115.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads92 ( #19,818 of 1,696,514 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #51,765 of 1,696,514 )
How can I increase my downloads?