Omissions and other negative actions

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (3):305-324 (1980)
This essay offers an action-theoretic analysis of the distinction between positively bringing something about and passively letting something happen. The analysis, based on the notion of an agent''s bringing about some state of affairs, is closest to the analysis of omissions of Brand (1971), but utilizes the relatedness logic of Epstein (1979). Syntactic features bring out the idea that an action can be partially positive and partially negative, e.g., by not bringing about one thing an agent can bring about something else. An ethical implication of this analysis is that a passive course of action is sometimes less culpable than an active one, just because it is passive.
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References found in this work BETA
Myles Brand (1971). The Language of Not Doing. American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (1):45 - 53.
Arthur Danto (1966). Freedom and Forbearance. In Keith Lehrer (ed.), Freedom and Determinism. Random House 45--63.
Donald Davidson (1966). The Logical Form of Action Statements.". In Nicholas Rescher & Alan Ross Anderson (eds.), The Logic of Decision and Action. Pittsburgh]University of Pittsburgh Press
Dick Epstein & Doug Walton (1979). Preface. Philosophical Studies 36 (2):113-114.

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