Repairing Plato's life boat with ockham's razor: The important function of research in anomalies for consciousness studies
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):52-70 (2005)
Scientific progress is achieved not only by continuous accumulation of knowledge but also by paradigm shifts. These shifts are often necessitated by anomalous findings that cannot be incorporated in accepted models. Two important methodological principles regulate this process and complement each other: Ockham's Razor as the principle of parsimony and Plato's Life Boat as the principle of the necessity to 'save the appearances' and thus incorporate conflicting phenomenological data into theories. We review empirical data which are in conflict with some presuppositions of accepted mainstream science: Clinical and experimental effects of prayer and healing intention, data from telepathy, psychokinesis experiments and precognition, and anecdotal reports of macro-psychokinesis. Taken together, the now well documented possibility of these events suggests that such phenomena are anomalies that challenge some widely held beliefs in mainstream science. On the other hand, scientists often fear that by accepting the reality of these phenomena they also have to subscribe to world-models invoking ontological dualism or idealism. We suggest accepting the phenomena as real, but without questionable ontologies commonly associated with them. We outline how this might work
|Keywords||Anomaly Consciousness Metaphysics Psychokinesis Research|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Harald Walach & Nikolaus von Stillfried (2011). Generalised Quantum Theory—Basic Idea and General Intuition: A Background Story and Overview. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 21 (2):185-209.
Similar books and articles
John R. Christie & John Barresi (2002). Consciousness and Information Processing: A Reply to Durgin. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):372-374.
Rafael G. Locke (2011). The Future of a Discipline: Considering the Ontological/Methodological Future of the Anthropology of Consciousness, Part III. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (2):106-135.
Talis Bachmann, Bruno Breitmeyer & Haluk Ögmen (2007/2011). Experimental Phenomena of Consciousness: A Brief Dictionary. Oxford University Press.
Anne Cutler & Dennis Norris (1999). Sharpening Ockham's Razor. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):40-41.
Stephen E. Braude (ed.) (1986). The Limits of Influence: Psychokinesis and the Philosophy of Science. Routledge and Kegan Paul.
S. Jeffers (2003). Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (6):135-152.
Raja A. Bahlul (1988). Ockham's Razor and the Identity of Indiscernables. Philosophy Research Archives 14:405-414.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #68,017 of 1,096,449 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #60,433 of 1,096,449 )
How can I increase my downloads?