Varieties of grapheme-colour synaesthesia: A new theory of phenomenological and behavioural differences
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):913-931 (2006)
Recent research has suggested that not all grapheme-colour synaesthetes are alike. One suggestion is that they can be divided, phenomenologically, in terms of whether the colours are experienced in external or internal space . Another suggestion is that they can be divided according to whether it is the perceptual or conceptual attributes of a stimulus that is critical . This study compares the behavioural performance of 7 projector and 7 associator synaesthetes. We demonstrate that this distinction does not map on to behavioural traits expected from the higher–lower distinction. We replicate previous research showing that projectors are faster at naming their synaesthetic colours than veridical colours, and that associators show the reverse profile. Synaesthetes who project colours into external space but not on to the surface of the grapheme behave like associators on this task. In a second task, graphemes presented briefly in the periphery are more likely to elicit reports of colour in projectors than associators, but the colours only tend to be accurate when the grapheme itself is also accurately identified. We propose an alternative model of individual differences in grapheme-colour synaesthesia that emphasises the role of different spatial reference frames in synaesthetic perception. In doing so, we attempt to bring the synaesthesia literature closer to current models of non-synaesthetic perception, attention and binding
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Michiko Asano & Kazuhiko Yokosawa (2011). Synesthetic Colors Are Elicited by Sound Quality in Japanese Synesthetes. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1816-1823.
Michiko Asano & Kazuhiko Yokosawa (2012). Synesthetic Colors for Japanese Late Acquired Graphemes. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):983-993.
Nicolas Rothen, Elias Tsakanikos, Beat Meier & Jamie Ward (2013). Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN): A Reliable Factor-Analysis Based Synaesthesia Questionnaire. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1047-1060.
Christopher Sinke, John H. Halpern, Markus Zedler, Janina Neufeld, Hinderk M. Emrich & Torsten Passie (2012). Genuine and Drug-Induced Synesthesia: A Comparison. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1419-1434.
Romke Rouw, Joram van Driel, Koen Knip & K. Richard Ridderinkhof (2013). Executive Functions in Synesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):184-202.
Similar books and articles
René Jagnow (2012). Colour Discrimination And Monitoring Theories of Consciousness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):57 - 74.
Jeffrey A. Gray & Nunn J. Chopping S. (2002). Implications of Synaesthesia for Functionalism: Theory and Experiments. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (12):5-31.
Noam Sagiv, Jeffrey Heer & Lynn Robertson (2006). Does Binding of Synesthetic Color to the Evoking Grapheme Require Attention? Cortex 42 (2):232-42.
Simon Baron-Cohen, D. Bor, J. Billington, J. Asher, S. Wheelwright & C. Ashwin (2007). Savant Memory in a Man with Colour Form-Number Synaesthesia and Asperger. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (s 9-10):237-251.
Noam Sagiv, Julia Simner, James Collins, Brian Butterworth & Jamie Ward (2006). What is the Relationship Between Synaesthesia and Visuo-Spatial Number Forms? Cognition 101 (1):114-28.
M. Hochel, E. G. Milan, A. Gonzalez, F. Tornay, K. McKenney, R. Diaz Caviedes, J. L. Mata Martin, M. A. Rodriguez Artacho, E. Dominguez Garcia & J. Vila (2007). Experimental Study of Phantom Colours in a Colour Blind Synaesthete. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (4):75-95.
Vilayanur S. Ramachandran & Edward M. Hubbard (2001). Synaesthesia: A Window Into Perception, Thought and Language. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (12):3-34.
Jamie Ward & Noam Sagiv (2007). Synaesthesia for Finger Counting and Dice Patterns: A Case of Higher Synaesthesia? Neurocase 13 (2):86-93.
Vilayanur S. Ramachandran & Edward M. Hubbard (2001). Psychophysical Investigations Into the Neural Basis of Synaesthesia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 268:979-983.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #110,826 of 1,410,094 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,589 of 1,410,094 )
How can I increase my downloads?