Directions in Connectionist Research: Tractable Computations Without Syntactically Structured Representations
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Metaphilosophy 28 (1‐2):31-62 (1997)
Figure 1: A pr ototyp ical exa mple of a three-layer feed forward network, used by Plunkett and M archm an (1 991 ) to simulate learning the past-tense of En glish verbs. The inpu t units encode representations of the three phonemes of the present tense of the artificial words used in this simulation. Th e netwo rk is trained to produce a representation of the phonemes employed in the past tense form and the suffix (/d/, /ed/, or /t/) used on regular verbs. To run the network, each input unit is assigned an activation value o f 0 or 1 , dep ending on whethe r the featu re is present or not. Eac h input unit is conne cted to each of the 30 hidden units by a we ighted conn ection and p rovid es an inp ut to each hidden unit equal to the product of the input unit's activation and the weight. Each hidd en unit's activation is then determined by summing ov er the va lues co ming fro m each inp ut unit to deter mine a netinput, and then applying a non-linear function (e.g., the logistic function 1/(1+enetinput). Th is whole proced ure is.
|Keywords||Mind Dynamics Cognitive Science Language of Thought Foundations of Cognitive Science Computation Folk Psychology Eliminativism Cognition Dynamical System Connectionism Neural Network Connectionist Network|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Aarre Laakso & Garrison W. Cottrell (2000). Content and Cluster Analysis: Assessing Representational Similarity in Neural Systems. Philosophical Psychology 13 (1):47-76.
Jerry A. Fodor & Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1988). Connectionism and Cognitive Architecture. Cognition 28 (1-2):3-71.
John Hawthorne (1989). On the Compatibility of Connectionist and Classical Models. Philosophical Psychology 2 (1):5-16.
W. F. G. Haselager & J. F. H. Van Rappard (1998). Connectionism, Systematicity, and the Frame Problem. Minds and Machines 8 (2):161-179.
Michael R. W. Dawson & Corinne Zimmerman (2003). Interpreting the Internal Structure of a Connectionist Model of the Balance Scale Task. Brain and Mind 4 (2):129-149.
Michael R. W. Dawson & C. Darren Piercey (2001). On the Subsymbolic Nature of a PDP Architecture That Uses a Nonmonotonic Activation Function. Minds and Machines 11 (2):197-218.
Robert C. Cummins (1991). The Role of Representation in Connectionist Explanation of Cognitive Capacities. In William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. Rumelhart (eds.), Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum. 91--114.
David J. Chalmers (1990). Syntactic Transformations on Distributed Representations. Connection Science 2:53-62.
William P. Bechtel (1994). Natural Deduction in Connectionist Systems. Synthese 101 (3):433-463.
Terence Horgan & John Tienson (1997). Pr Cis of Connectionism and the Philosophy of Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 10 (3):337 – 356.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #100,928 of 1,410,004 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #176,758 of 1,410,004 )
How can I increase my downloads?