Potential of Corporate Social Responsibility for Poverty Alleviation among Contract Sugarcane Farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):463-475 (2009)
Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007 study suggests that the intended goal of increasing farmers’ incomes seems to have failed. With a mean monthly income of Kenya Shillings 723 (US $ 10) from an average cane acreage of 0.38 hectares, it would be difficult for a household of eight family members to meet their basic needs and lead a decent life. Analysis of farmer statements showed that up to 86% of the changes in net income were significantly determined by six cost variables as a group (i.e., acreage, tillage costs, seedcane costs, transport costs, yield, and farmer’s education level). Area under sugarcane had the greatest influence on net income whereby an increase in one hectare under cane would result in an increase of Kenya Shillings 110,427 in net income (per crop cycle of 21 months), holding other variables constant. This translates into Kenya shillings 5,258 per month (or 175 per day per household, or for a family of eight people—KES 22 or US $ 0.3) per member, which is far below the international standard of absolute poverty. Key net income depressors were tillage, seedcane, and transportation costs, all of which were determined by the company with no input from farmers. To bridge income gaps between the company and farmers in favor of sustainable community livelihoods, this paper argues strongly for the need to institutionalize Corporate Social Responsibility within the daily operations of the company particularly to address net-income depressors. Ten key building blocks for such a policy for Nzoia Sugar Company are suggested, based on farmers’ responses and ethical considerations
|Keywords||Commercial farming Sugarcane Ethics Sustainable livelihoods Kenya|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Marne L. Arthaud-Day (forthcoming). Transnational Corporate Social Responsibility: A Tri-Dimensional Approach to International CSR Research. Business Ethics Quarterly.
Thomas Beschorner (2006). Ethical Theory and Business Practices: The Case of Discourse Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):127 - 139.
Arlene Broadhurst (2000). Corporations and the Ethics of Social Responsibility: An Emerging Regime of Expansion and Compliance. Business Ethics 9 (2):86–98.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mary K. Hendrickson & Harvey S. James (2005). The Ethics of Constrained Choice: How the Industrialization of Agriculture Impacts Farming and Farmer Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):269-291.
Allen Rappaport & Robert A. Himschoot (1994). Ethics Perceptions of American Farmers: An Empirical Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (10):795 - 802.
Stefan Mann & Miriam Gairing (2012). “Loyals” and “Optimizers”: Shedding Light on the Decision for or Against Organic Agriculture Among Swiss Farmers. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):365-376.
Venkatesh Seshamani (2009). International Corporate Responsibility in the Context of Development. International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:337-348.
Kathleen Wilburn (2009). A Model for Partnering with Not-for-Profìts to Develop Socially Responsible Businesses in a Global Environment. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):111 - 120.
Anca Gheaus (2008). Basic Income, Gender Justice and the Costs of Gender-Symmetrical Lifestyles. Basic Income Studies 3 (3).
Nicholas P. Guehlstorf (2008). Understanding the Scope of Farmer Perceptions of Risk: Considering Farmer Opinions on the Use of Genetically Modified (Gm) Crops as a Stakeholder Voice in Policy. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):541-558.
Philippe Deuffic & Jacqueline Candau (2006). Farming and Landscape Management: How French Farmers Are Coping with the Ecologization of Their Activities. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (6):563-585.
Heather E. McNairn & Bruce Mitchell (1992). Locus of Control and Farmer Orientation: Effects on Conservation Adoption. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (1):87-101.
Godfrey Netondo Fuchaka Waswa, Tabitha Naisiko Lucy Maina & Joseph Wangamati (2009). Potential of Corporate Social Responsibility for Poverty Alleviation Among Contract Sugarcane Farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5).
Added to index2009-04-20
Total downloads6 ( #201,256 of 1,098,409 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #173,311 of 1,098,409 )
How can I increase my downloads?