David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Review 86 (3):316-339 (1977)
My concern in this paper will be to explore and develop a version of nonsocratic skepticism about weakness of will. In my view, socratism is incorrect, but like Socrates, I think that the common understanding of weakness of will raises serious problems. Contrary to socratism, it is possible for a person knowingly to act contrary to his or her better judgment. But this description does not exhaust the common view of weakness. Also implicit in this view is the belief that actions which are contrary to one's better judgment are free in the sense that the agent could have done otherwise. To take seriously the possibility of acting contrary to one's better judgment is at the same time to raise problems about the distinction between weakness and compulsion. I argue that the common view, according to which the differentiating feature is that the weak are able to conform their behavior to their practical judgments, is unjustified. Instead, I have proposed that weakness of will involves the failure to develop certain normal capacities of self-control, whereas compulsion involves desires which even the possession of such capacities would not enable one to resist.
|Keywords||akrasia freedom compulsion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Garnett (2015). Agency and Inner Freedom. Noûs 50 (1).
Neil Levy (2011). Resisting 'Weakness of the Will'. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (1):134 - 155.
Derek Baker (2014). The Abductive Case for Humeanism Over Quasi-Perceptual Theories of Desire. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8 (2):1-29.
James Beebe (2013). Weakness of Will, Reasonability, and Compulsion. Synthese 190 (18):4077-4093.
John Martin Fischer (2012). Semicompatibilism and Its Rivals. Journal of Ethics 16 (2):117-143.
Similar books and articles
David Wall (2009). Akrasia and Self-Control. Philosophical Explorations 12 (1):69 – 78.
Amelie Rorty (1983). Akratic Believers. American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):175-183.
Alfred Mele (2010). Weakness of Will and Akrasia. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):391–404.
Richard Holton (1999). Intention and Weakness of Will. Journal of Philosophy 96 (5):241-262.
Edmund Henden (2004). Intentions, All-Out Evaluations and Weakness of the Will. Erkenntnis 61 (1):53-74.
Michael Smith (2003). Rational Capacities, Or: How to Distinguish Recklessness, Weakness, and Compulsion. In Sarah Stroud & Christine Tappolet (eds.), Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality. Oxford: Clarendon Press 17-38.
Robert Audi (1979). Weakness of Will and Practical Judgment. Noûs 13 (2):173-196.
Kevin Zaragoza (2006). What Happens When Someone Acts Compulsively? Philosophical Studies 131 (2):251 - 268.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads349 ( #5,278 of 1,796,192 )
Recent downloads (6 months)40 ( #21,462 of 1,796,192 )
How can I increase my downloads?