Evolutionary plasticity in prokaryotes: A panglossian view

Biology and Philosophy 11 (1):67-88 (1996)
Abstract
Enzyme directed genetic mechanisms causing random DNA sequence alterations are ubiquitous in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. A number of molecular geneticist have invoked adaptation through natural selection to account for this fact, however, alternative explanations have also flourished. The population geneticist G.C. Williams has dismissed the possibility of selection for mutator activity on a priori grounds. In this paper, I attempt a refutation of Williams' argument. In addition, I discuss some conceptual problems related to recent claims made by microbiologists on the adaptiveness of molecular variety generators in the evolution of prokaryotes. A distinction is proposed between selection for mutations caused by a mutator activity and selection for the mutator activity proper. The latter requires a concept of fitness different from the one commonly used in microbiology.
Keywords Microbial evolution  genetic diversity  genome plasticity  mutation  selection  adaptation  function  etiological conception  fitness  environmental heterogeneity  expected time to extinction
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